What is the name of a sad genre of music
These are the most important sub-genres of hip hop
© David Corio / Redferns / Getty
Gangsta. Trap. Cloud rap. Hip hop has spawned a myriad of sub-genres since the late 1970s. We introduce you to the most important ones.
If there's one thing hip-hop fans love to hear more than it is, it's discussing hip-hop - especially what characterizes the genre. As KRS One of Boogie Down Productions once said, "Rap is something you do while hip-hop is something you live" - a useful philosophy that should not be overlooked. HipHop and its sub-genres can be defined by the origin of the artist and his lifestyle - as well as by the sound and the topics that he addresses.
Since its birth in the late 1970s, this genre has spawned some unique styles that have been constantly evolving ...
In the late 1990s, the so-called "backpackers" were the ones who opposed the polished, less provocative and more mainstream style. The name speaks to the cliché of backpacking fans who always carry their college books, rhyme pads, spray paint and vinyls with them.
Rawkus was one of the most popular labels among backpackers. It released classic albums by artists like Mos Def and Company Flow before committing the ultimate sin and selling itself to Interscope. Still, almost everything Company Flow produced and released under Def Jux, the label of Run The Jewls star El-P, was essential for this subgenre - not to mention the early work of Californian producer Madlib.
Best audio sample: Mos Def - Mathematics
Boom Bap is a reference to the heavy kick drum ("Boom") and the subsequent, crisp "Bap" of the snare, usually mixed at a moderate tempo and with so many highs that it is hardly possible to hear songs without your head jumping. It can be said that, especially in the early days, every hip-hop track could have been described as a Boom Bap, even if the name was first introduced in 1984 with T La Rocks Outro on "It's Yours". The sound described here represents the heart of hip hop, so to speak - from the earliest breakbeats to the sampling innovations of Marley Mal and the golden era of New York rap music, as artists such as DJ Premier, Large Professor and Pete Rock Defined Boom Bap.
Best audio sample: Gang Starr - Just To Get A Rep
"Cloud Rap" is a term that became established in 2010 with the self-proclaimed "Based God" Lil B and tries to describe the dreamy sound of this subgenre. Since then, it has referred to a whole wave of artists who rely on abstract and atmospheric soundscapes that are more suitable for meditating instrospection in their own bedroom and therefore have less in common with traditional hip-hop. Famous representatives are Clams Casino, Main Attrakionz and A $ AP Rocky.
Best audio sample: Main Attraktionz - Chuch
In its full breadth, this genre includes all rap songs that consciously incorporate the standards of their time - starting with Melle Mel's vision of urban poverty, through "The Message" from Grandmaster Flash And The Furious Five to J Cole's reflections on Search in "KOD". "Conscious HipHop" is most often spoken of when it comes to artists who focus on socio-political problems. Just think of Akala, Dead Prez, Talib Kweli and Boots Riley from The Coup, who are seen as activists as much as they are artists. In a narrower sense, the genre also includes rappers who draw attention to racial thinking, such as Public Enemy, Paris and X-Clan in the early 90s. Kendrick Lamar has also been in this line since 2010.
Best audio sample: Black Star - definition
For a long time during the 90s, the word "crunk" was nothing more than a descendant of southern slang that meant nothing more than to be hyped and excited. It appeared here and there on a variety of albums, such as the debut of Outkast's "Player's Ball" or "Getting Crunk" by Tommy Wright III. In 1997, Lil 'Jon & The Eastside Boyz effectively appropriated the word with the release of "Get Crunk Who You Wit". From then on it referred to heavy, mid-tempo proto-trap-like club beats, adorned with screaming and sung slogans like "represent your shit, motherf ** ker" and "bounce your ass to the beat while you touch your feet ".
Best audio sample: Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz - Get Low
Drill had roots in Chicago in 2011, while the genre received global attention the following year with Chief Keef's groundbreaking anthem "I Don't Like". For those who are not exactly passionate fans, it is difficult to distinguish it from Trap - at least musically. The difference lies in the attitude. While Trap deals with the end of the narcotics industry, Drill deals with the topics of gun violence and gang warfare.
Best audio sample: Chief Keef - I Don’t Like ft. Lil Reese
Although the early hip-hop material was often labeled as macho or aggressive, there is also a tradition that has also focused on the sensitive side of this art since LL Cool J's "I Need Love". But the "Emo Rap" doesn't quite hit it yet. In 2008, the massive success of Kanye's "808s & Heartbreak" made for a lasting cultural impact. This was followed by the vulnerable seductions of Drake and the sad hedonism of Future, which further manifested the melancholy spirit in rap. In recent years, the most famous artists such as Lil Peep, XXXTentacion, Juice WRLD and Lil Uzi Vert have incorporated musical and lyrical elements from Emo Rock in their works.
Best audio sample: Lil Peep - Awful Things ft. Lil Tracy
Frat Rap is carefree (and therefore thoughtless) rap that celebrates the party lifestyle. The fact that most pioneers distanced themselves from it at the first opportunity says a lot about this genre. Asher Roth, whose track "I Love College" kicked off the whole thing in 2009, has never produced a similar work since. Mac Miller spent the early stages of his career defining frat rap and the rest of the time breaking down that genre again. Other artists like Hoodie Allen and Sammy Adams have yet to think further to escape the genre. In general, Frat Rap is not considered a long-term plan, but rather a short phase on the way to its artistic development.
Best audio sample: Huey Mack - Call Me Maybe (Remix)
The focus here is on rap music, made either by or about gangsters and those affected by it. The question of whether the whole thing is an honest reflection of street life or whether only the morally reprehensible life decisions are glorified here has little to do with the fact that this style is one of the most successful and thus one of the most influential hip-hop genres.
Schoolly D's first hip-hop album "PSK" in 1986 explicitly referred to gang life, but the gangsta-rap movement didn't gain global attention until two years later with NWA's "F ** k The Police". From the time NWA descendant Dr Dre released his solo album "The Chronic" in 1992, gangsta style established its dominance, which continued when Kanye's third album "Graduation" turned into a hyped showdown in 2007 "Curtis" sold more than 50 cents. Artists like Snoop Dogg, Tupac, Nas, Raekwon, Jay-Z, Scarface, The Notorious B.I.G. and thousands of other rappers proved that you simply cannot fully understand modern America without the gangster mentality.
Best audio sample: Dr Dre & Snoop Dogg - Deep Cover
Grime is a form of electronic, mostly aggressive and up-tempo beat-driven music that first saw the light of day in East London in the 21st century. From the beginning, the focus was on the question of whether this genre qualifies as hip-hop or not - this is still controversially discussed today. Given the scene's British garage roots, many believe that grime is something entirely different.
At the time when grime emerged, the term "hip hop" meant mainstream rap or backpacker style, but no scene wanted anything to do with the British genre. Still, there are some indications that grime is a form of hip-hop: We are dealing with rap-driven street music established by young black musicians. The focus is on lyrical battles and the essential influences are clearly in American rap music. To this day, grime remains a unique variant in the development of modern hip-hop.
Best audio sample: Dizzee Rascal - I Luv U
This sub-genre ventures into darker realms of gangsta rap by giving the subject an absurd or supernatural twist. Bushwick Bill - a member of Geto Boys - shows this impressively with his solo "Phantom Of The Rapra" and the overloaded, theatrical horror that goes with it, as does the Gothic-related early work of Three 6 Mafia. Sometimes the whole thing drifts into the ridiculous; The Insane Clown Posse deserves special mention here. However, some horrorcore artists have produced lasting formative works, above all Gravediggaz.
Best audio sample: Gravediggaz - Burn Baby Burn
Bubbly electronic music paired with surreal humor and limitless fun - this is Hyphy, a genre that was born in the Bay Area in California in the late 1990s and was considered the soundtrack of so-called "sideshow" parties with rolling Cars was danced extensively.
The name is the short form of "Hyperactive" and was introduced by Keak Da Sneak in 1994, even if the genre was first musically formed with Thizzelle Washington and his 10 albums between 1997 and 2004. In 2006 Hyphy had its global breakthrough with hits from E-40, The Federation, Too $ hort, Mistah F.A.B. and others, until the genre slowly disappeared again. But in the productions of DJ Mustard and the new Bay Area generation (such as Kamaiyah and SOB X RBE) the spirit still lives on today.
Best audio sample: Mac Dre - Feeling Myself
For almost 30 years, A Tribe Called Quest was the definition of jazz rap, above all Q-Tip with "Excursions", on which he remembers his teenage years: "You could find the abstract listening to hip-hop, my pops always said it reminded him of bebop. " You know exactly what Q-Tips Paps meant when you hear his flow over an old kind of Blakey record.
Unfortunately, it didn't help that the jazz rappers began to work precisely at the time when jazz was increasingly being perceived as out of date. Nevertheless, from the beginning Tribe and his colleagues around De La Soul, Digable Planets and Guru von Gang Starr made it clear that hip-hop and jazz can be combined. Today a new generation of jazz is emerging with refreshing energy, which is why the future of jazz rap looks exciting.
Best audio sample: A Tribe Called Quest - Excursions
Hip-hop was a global phenomenon from the very beginning, which is why the borders that were being broken worldwide were no longer manageable. Latin trap is the best example. The artists here rap in Spanish and with the crossover successes of Bad Bunny, which combines countless elements from reggeaton to US trap to pop, the genre overtook French rap as well as the German gangsta and Chinese rap excesses . Bad Bunny worked with 21 Savage and Nicki Minaj and he manifested himself in the North American mainstream with his collaborations with Cardi B and Drake.
Best audio sample: Bad Bunny - Caro
In everyday conversation, "old school" usually refers to something that was famous before the listener was a child. In hip-hop, the term describes everything that happened in the genre's childhood, from DJ Kool Herc to the still breathtaking mixes and scratching innovations of Grandmaster Flash. Sugarhill Gang, Kurtis Blow, Treacherous Three, and Afrika Bambaata all fit that notch.
Best audio sample: Kurtis Blow - The Breaks
In fact, Blondie's first rap rock album, Rapture, hit the charts in 1980. The focus of this genre are rappers like Run DMC and Jay-Z, who reinterpret and process samples from heavy rock guitars or from rock bands like Faith No More, Limp Bizkit and Linkin Park in their works. The Beastie Boys and "Body Count" from Ice T have successfully brought hip hop and rock together, but only in the last ten years have the most organic hybrids emerged, from Death Grips to Show Me The Body to the phenomenal emo wave.
Best audio sample: Beastie Boys - No Sleep ’Til Brooklyn
It got off to a sobering start, but over the past ten years trap has become more and more popular to dominate hip-hop as well as pop music. 2 Chainz, Migos, Selena Gomez, Ariana Granda - they all rely on the trap sound.
Conceptually, the roots of the trap are in Atlanta in the 80s and 90s. The term used slang to refer to a house selling drugs and it first appeared on Kilo Mafia's 1991 album "Keep On Rolling". However, it was not until 2003 that Trap established itself as an independent rap style. T.I. with "Trap Muzik" and Gucci Mane with "Trap House" laid the foundations for the musical development of the sound; a synthesis of just about every form of Southern Rap that existed back then. The radical rise of the modern trap began with Lex Luger's work on the monumental debut album "Flockaveli" by Waka Flocka Flame in 2010.
Best audio sample: Waka Flocka Flame - Hard In The Paint
As a consequence of the radical explosion of Chicago Drill, a cluster of artists around Stickz and Skribz (later known as LD von 67) formed in south London in 2013, who gave the American genre its own stamp. The wave grew bigger and bigger in the following years. Artists like 67, Skengdo & AM, and Headie One reached massive audiences while the media generated moral panic due to its links with violent crimes. The police then took appropriate action, while some artists were censored.
In addition to the Chicago sound, UK Drill was also inspired by the early days of the British street rap movement, while the new sound is always being pushed in new directions. It will be interesting to see what else awaits us in this subgenre.
Best audio sample: 67 - Skengman
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