What is the story of airsoft


Airsoft is a terrain game, but is often played inside buildings (CQB, Close Quarter Battle). Unlike paintball, Airsoft is played without colored ammunition. Instead, plastic balls with a diameter of 6 mm are used, which are accelerated to a speed of approx. 80-150 m / s by spring compressed air, flon gas or electromechanically. An ASG (Airsoftgun) looks like a real weapon and higher quality models weigh about the same.

Many in Germany write "Softair" or "Soft Air", which has long been out of date. Airsoft is correct, even if the term "airsoft" is used in the official jargon.

In Germany Airsoft guns are not subject to WBK (gun ownership cards). According to the law, there are three categories of airsoft guns:

  1. Weapons with a projectile energy of less than 0.08 joules are not subject to the Weapons Act and are considered toys.
    They can be used anywhere as they cannot be confused with real weapons.
  2. Weapons with a projectile energy between 0.09 and 0.49 joules are also not subject to the Weapons Act, with the exception of Section 42a, which prohibits the use of fake weapons.
    Driving and shooting is only permitted within the apartment or an enclosed property. (If not your own, then with the consent of the owner, the domiciliary right.)
    The purchase and possession of these weapons is also permitted for persons under the age of 18. But JSM and VDB recommend a submission age of 14 years, which is also adhered to by most dealers.
  3. Weapons with a projectile energy between 0.5 and 7.5 joules are free weapons and must be marked with an F in a pentagon.
    Driving and shooting is only allowed inside the apartment or a fenced property, if it is ensured that the floor cannot leave the property! (If not your own, then with the consent of the owner, the domiciliary right.)
    The purchase and possession of these weapons is only permitted for persons over the age of 18.

In Austria and Switzerland Airsoft guns are freely available, and there is no obligation to mark them.


The real history of airsoft sports begins in Japan after the end of the Second World War. Guns were banned for the common man, so resourceful entrepreneurs came up with an alternative for their gun-loving clientele. The airsoft gun was born and began its triumphal march around the world.

In most countries, airsoft guns are considered toys. The exception here is the Federal Republic of Germany, as airsoft weapons were only allowed in the form of pistols until 2003. In 2003, a change in the law changed the situation, as replicas of long military weapons were now also permitted, but these must be specially converted for the German market, so that only semi-automatic (single shot) and not, as is usually the case, fully automatic (continuous fire) can be...

In July 2004 the law changed again. From now on everything was, regardless of whether it was a single or fully automatic fire Less than 0.5 Joule bullet energy has free from 14 years and there is no more F in the pentagon (test mark for free weapons in Germany) required. For everything with more than 0.5 joules, however, nothing has changed: Still only single fire, F-im-pentagon required and freely available from 18 years and driving is theoretically only permitted with a gun license. However, since this is only issued on the basis of a need to be verified and there is no need for ASGs, it is practically impossible to use ASGs aged 18 and over.

The new law with regard to softairs with less than 0.5 joules also allows the import of softairs, which are now considered "toys", from countries in which no test mark is required.


By tensioning a spring (manually or by a motor and gearbox) that is connected to a piston, this piston snaps forwards after the trigger is pressed and accelerates the projectile out of the ASG.

Types of airsoft guns

AEG (Automatic Electric Gun)
The most widely used airsofts are AEGs. These are electrically powered airsoft guns, in which an electric motor is driven by a battery and this spans a piston via a gear. Inside, they consist of a so-called gearbox and a motor, which is powered by a battery. The most famous assault rifles are usually also available as AEGs, with the M16, M4 and MP5 being the most common.
SAEG (Semi-Automatic Electric Gun)
A SAEG is actually an AEG, the "S" stands for semi to indicate that this airsoft gun can only shoot in semi mode. The origin of this abbreviation is Germany because only semi-airsoft guns are allowed in Germany, unless they have an energy of less than 0.5 joules.
EBB (Electric Blow Back)
is the pistol version of the AEG. However, this is more of a toy than a weapon suitable for skirmishes. There just isn't enough room inside the guns to house a powerful motor and batteries.
GBB (Gas Blow Back)
These airsoft guns use gas as a propellant. By pulling the trigger, the ball is accelerated with the gas pressure and the slide repeats like a real weapon. Like a real pistol, the slide moves backwards with every shot and reloads the new bullet when it moves back to the starting position. There are also some submachine guns (e.g. M11, MP5K) among the gas airsofts, but they are quite rare. Unfortunately, the gases that are suitable for the operation of Airsoft weapons are mostly not suitable for winter or only to a very limited extent.
NBB (Non Blow Back)
These airsoft guns work like the ones above. GBBs, only without repeating the slide. Unfortunately, the gases that are suitable for operating airsoft weapons are mostly not suitable for winter or only to a very limited extent.
With this type of body force, a spring is tensioned, which propels the projectile through the barrel. The cheapest airsofts. The weapon must be repeated by hand for each shot. Prices range from 15-40 EUR for the pistols to 200+ EUR for assault rifles and sniper rifles.
AEP (Automatic Electric Pistol)
This is a new development from Tokyo Marui. The AEPs are pistols (or soon also Sub Machine Guns) that are equipped with a gearbox similar to a normal AEG. As a result, in contrast to the EBBs, a much higher shot energy can be generated, but unfortunately the BlowBack effect has to be dispensed with, as the battery is housed in the slide. There are only two AEPs on the market at the moment: a Glock18c and an M93R. TM is planning some SMGs such as MP7, MAC11 and TMP. Critics of the system say that the BlowBack effect simply belongs to an airsoft gun. It is certain that the AEPs are intended purely for airsoft play and that they also have some advantages over GBBs such as: Winter suitability, costs (no gas purchase necessary) and environmental friendliness.


As already indicated, ASGs are mostly used to simulate military situations, with two or more teams facing each other and having to cope with certain tasks according to predetermined rules (flag stealing). In Japan, ASGs are also used for target shooting competitions. (IPSC)

In the meantime, some users of the forum for free weapons, Co2Air.de, have come together in Germany and hold regular Airsoft IPSC meetings. Airsoft IPSC.

Playing in Germany

In contrast to paintball, playing with airsoft weapons (shooting at each other) has not yet been legally clarified, as there has not yet been a court judgment. In order to play, a plot of land that has been leased is required, as well as the permission of the owner (house right). If weapons with a projectile energy of more than 0.5 joule are used, it must be ensured that the projectile cannot leave the property! It is also an advantage to inform the neighbors and the police so that a SEK does not approach. Due to the above-mentioned requirements, most professional airsoft players burden themselves with a trip to neighboring countries such as Austria, France, Italy or the Czech Republic. In the meantime there are already companies that organize such trips by bus (see links).


  • § 12 (3) 2: A license to carry weapons is not required ...
  • § 12 (4) 1a: A license to shoot with a firearm is not required ...
  • Section 42a (1) 1: It is forbidden to carry fake weapons.
  • Section 42a (2) 2: Paragraph 1 does not apply to transport in a closed container.
  • Appendix 1, Section 1, Subsection 1, 1.6.1: Apparent weapons are ...
  • Appendix 2, Section 2, Subsection 2, 1.1: License-free acquisition and possession
  • Annex 2, Section 3, 1.: Weapons exempted from the law with the exception of Section 42a

Gun law (Bavaria): No apparent weapons are ...