What is the rice growing equipment market

Small grain feeds the world

    Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world's population. Rice is also grown in Switzerland - especially in the canton of Ticino.

    Rice cultivation has its origins somewhere between the Indian state of Assam and Myanmar, formerly Burma. Excavations of rice grains in the Chinese Yangtze Delta in southern China go back to the year 5000 BC. To this day, the largest rice-growing areas in the world are in Asia: in India, China and Thailand.

    Finally, via Egypt, rice, which botanically belongs to the genus of sweet grasses, spread throughout the world. Rice was already being cultivated in Iran and Iraq around 400 BC. From the 10th century AD, rice began to be cultivated in Europe - first in Spain and from the 15th century also in Italy, which is now the largest rice producer in Europe.

    Rice is now one of the most important staple foods: more than 600 million tons of rice are harvested worldwide every year, and the trend is rising (see infographic).

    Swiss rice

    In Switzerland, rice has been grown in the canton of Ticino since 1997. The sandy and permeable soils in Ticino are unsuitable for wet cultivation, and the water in spring is still too cold for the rice seedlings, which are sensitive to the cold. That is why rice is grown dry in Ticino.

    The big advantage compared to wet cultivation is that only a quarter of the amount of water required for wet cultivation is used. And: in contrast to wet cultivation, no climate-damaging methane gas is released. This makes Ticino rice more climate-friendly than other types of rice.

    75% of Ticino rice is sold in Ticino, the rest in German-speaking Switzerland. The most common risotto varieties are Loto, Carnaroli and Arborio.