What is the definition of noun 1

What is a noun? Definition of part of speech | Example sentences and notes

The Noun (also: noun) belongs to the inflectable or changeable parts of speech. Nouns are used to describe objects, people or certain facts. The nominal inflection is called declination.

Grammatical categories

genus

This is called gender grammatical gender of a noun. This is either masculine (m.), Neutral (n.) Or feminine (f.). The genus is inherent feature, which cannot be recognized by the noun, but is only indicated by the article. While there are some rules that refer to a specific gender, the gender assignment seems to be arbitrary in most cases. For this reason, it is a good idea to learn a noun along with the article.

Example:

the Apple (masculine, singular)

the Jam (feminine, singular)

the Bread (neutral, singular)

Gender vs. Sex

Gender is not to be equated with sex. Whereas gender is that grammatical gender the sexus aims at that natural or biological sexfrom. Nevertheless, the grammatical gender often corresponds to the natural gender (the Man - the Mrs, the Son - the Daughter, the Male cat - theCat, the Stallion - theMare)

number

The number indicates the number of objects or people identified. Nouns are in Singular(Singular) or Plural. There are no differences in gender in the plural. In all genera there is the article “die”.

Example:

the Apples (masculine, singular)

the Jams (feminine, singular)

theBreads (neutral, singular)

case

Nouns differ in terms of their role or function in a sentence. In order to be able to show different roles, nouns appear in different cases. Often the case is not shown directly on the noun, but on article words or adjectives. There are four cases in German: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive.

Examples:

boy plays soccer in the garden. (Nominative, syntactic function: subject)

The girl kisses the young. (Accusative, syntactic function: direct object)

The mother gives the boy a football. (Dative, syntactic function: indirect object)

The mother of the boy is very personable. (Genitive, syntactic function: genitive attribute)

declination

Strong declination

The strong declination occurs with masculine and neuter. It is characterized by the fact that the nouns are based on the genitive singular -(it end up.

Example: the apple (strong declination)

CASESINGULARPLURAL
Nominativethe Applethe apples
accusativethe Applethe apples
dativethe applethe apples
Genitiveof the applesof apples

Weak declination (N declination)

The weak declination (also: N-declination) occurs exclusively with masculine. With this type of declension, a noun ends in the ending in all cases -en.

Example: the boy (weak declination)

CASESINGULARPLURAL
Nominativeboythe youngen
accusativethe youngenthe youngen
dativethe youngenthe youngen
Genitiveof the youngenthe youngen

Mixed declension

The mixed declination is followed by the declination in the singular ofstrong declination and the declination in the plural of the weak declension.

Example: the eye (mixed declination)

CASESINGULARPLURAL
Nominativethe eyethe eyeen
accusativethe eyethe eyeen
dativethe eyethe eyeen
Genitiveof the eyesthe eyeen

Declination of the feminine

A special feature of the declension of feminine nouns is that no endings are required in the singular. For some feminines, the ending (-n) is added in the dative plural.

Example: the jam (feminine)

CASESINGULARPLURAL
Nominativethe jamthe jams
accusativethe jamthe jams
dativethe jamthe jams
Genitivethe jamthe jams
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