Why does the government have many parties

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

Who will rule?

After the votes have been counted, you know who is the strongest party in parliament. You can calculate whether a party has enough MPs to form the government on its own. To do this, she would have to have an absolute majority in parliament. Most of the time this is not the case. However, in order to form a government that has a majority in parliament, several parties have to join forces. Usually it is the strongest party that looks for a partner.

Government formation

Then the representatives of the different parties negotiate with each other to determine who could form a government together. They discuss which political goals they want to achieve together. They think about how they can compromise when they have different opinions. When two or three parties agree on a joint government program, they conclude an agreement on it, the so-called coalition agreement. Then they decide who is a minister in the government.


The parties that are not in government form the opposition. The opposition has a very important task in a democracy: it controls the government and ensures that the votes of the minority in parliament have their say. The opposition has established rights in parliaments.


The party with the most MPs in the Bundestag can usually determine who should become Federal Chancellor. It is important to know that the Federal Chancellor is not elected by the people, but by the Bundestag. The Federal Chancellor is the head of government; together with the ministers, he forms the government. Most of the time, the election of the Federal Chancellor takes place when the new parliament meets for its first session. The ministers of the federal government are then later appointed by the federal president on the proposal of the federal chancellor.

State governments

In the federal states, too, the head of government is elected by the respective state parliament. He or she appoints the state ministers. Together, the head of government and ministers form the state government.