What are some amazing facts about Cherokee Indians
“Since their first contact with the European settlers, the American Indians have been brutally suppressed and robbed of their ancestral lands. They were deprived of the opportunity to determine their own fate. The time has come to break with the past and begin a new era in which Indians decide the future of Indians for themselves. "
These words were spoken in 1970. Not from an Indian. Not even from a civil rights activist. They were spoken by the then President of the United States, Richard Nixon.
With this homepage I would like to show the life of the Indians, the indigenous people of North America, from over 100 years ago until today. I want to refer to facts, not myths.
I can't appreciate everything about Indian cultures - which are so diverse and diverse - but I hope that over time I can gather more and more information so that a little glimpse into a few Indian cultures and tribes emerges. It is also important to me to present the current way of life of the Indians (North and South America), because “the” Indian, the noble “savage”, the chief adorned with eagle feathers, who rides through the prairie and smokes a peace pipe, just like him is in the minds of many, it does not exist. Also some information about Indian travels should be collected.
Do you actually know what children know and think about the culture, myths, peoples and history of the Indians and native peoples of North America? No? Here are a few answers that show that the Indians have shaped your image beyond crossword puzzles and handicrafts:
“Indians live in the mountains. They put a lot of stones on carriages that are driven by the white men. " (Detlef, 11 years)
"Indians run around naked, live in packs, they are always on the warpath, they have a chief as their king." (Simone, 10 years)
"The Indians are related to the cannibals." (Petra, 9 years)
"The Indians still eat larvae and earthworms." (Thomas, 10 years)
“I think the Indians also have it so good because they can spend the night in tents or in huts. I also think it's good that they don't defend themselves with pistols, but with a bow and arrow. " (Kornelia, 8 years)
“I love the Indians because they have long black hair and because they wear such great clothes with fringes. I love Winnetou because he is strong and brave. I think the Indians live like us today. " (Heike, 8 years)
A large number of whites in the US and Europe see Indians too idealistically as noble savages, innocent nature children. Such a picture of the Indian and his world can easily be used as a dream and fairy tale area in which one escapes from reality. Many others see the Indians disparagingly as cruel, murderous primitives who live on reservations in North America or South America. This image in turn offers the opportunity to be proud of one's own superiority, but also to cover up injustice and oppression by presenting this as necessary for the progress of humanity.
If you now ask yourself how this false picture comes about, one has to assume with regard to the past that it was mainly shaped by books. But television also plays a role.
Today, however, we know through the media that Native American groups developed all over the continent of America to the south. Many groups emerged such as B. the Aztecs in Mexico or the Inuit in Alaska. Each population developed its own language and traditions over the centuries. Even today, when Indians live on reservations, they still pose great puzzles to us.
But exploring this is of course also a very interesting way to get an insight into the life of the Indians. While many tribes were wiped out, today there are hardly any Indian tribes left that live as originally. Above all because humans do not allow it at all. Looked at like monkeys in the zoo or littered with rubbish, the trunks that are left prefer to move away so that they can have their peace and quiet and live there undisturbed.
The story of the Indians
The history of the Indians is not that easy to summarize because it was never written down. In Europe in particular, Indians were often considered barbarians, pagans or savages and were not very valued. The origin of the Indians lies in the Asian region, as they are said to be descendants of Asian immigrants. It is estimated that these immigrations were 10,000 to 40,000 years ago.
The name Indian came from the fact that Columbus actually wanted to sail to India. Of course, you have to know that India was all of Asia at that time. But since he ended up in America, which was not yet known at the time, he thought that America was an Asian branch and named the natives after the country India, that is, Indians. After the mistake was noticed, however, the name was left with Indians.
Indians meet Europeans
Indians have always lived in harmony with nature, which can also be seen in the Indian religions. These assume that everything in nature has a soul or a spirit.
The first Europeans, on the other hand, were convinced that the earth and nature are a gift from God to man. So the Europeans took the land from the Indians piece by piece. At the beginning it was manageable. But after the number of repatriates increased drastically by 1770, land was in great demand and thus there were always armed conflicts. But it did not stop. The land was becoming increasingly scarce and so the Indians were not only expelled, but were also deliberately killed. In addition, the Europeans brought diseases with them that were previously completely unknown to the Indians. It is now assumed that 90 percent of the Indians fell victim to the diseases brought in by the Europeans. The rest, however, is done by the law that was passed after American independence. This law "Indian Removal Bill", which means as much as law for the removal of the Indians "made it possible to drive the tribes from the east of the country, whereby many Indians lost their lives. The Cherokee who lived east of the Mississippi were particularly affected.
The eviction continued
The construction of the railroad around 1850 further restricted the rights of the Indians and the bison and buffalo herds were also driven out. However, these were very important for the Indians because, among other things, they needed their meat as well as their skins to live. The Europeans enjoyed killing the animals and it was not uncommon for the trains to be gunned off just to satisfy their lust. How bad this killing on whim was is shown by the sharp decline in animals in the 19th century. While there were still well over 75,000 bison, the number of these fell to only several hundred in the 19th century.
The Indian tribes
There were numerous Indian tribes, although only the most famous are mentioned here. For example, everyone knows “Sioux”, “Comanches”, “Iroquois”, “Apaches”, “Shosons”, “Cheyenne”, “Cherokee” or even “Blackfoot” and “Pawnee” or “Creek”. The different tribes had a uniform sign language like well over a hundred different languages.
To make things a little easier, four main groups are named.
- The coastal Indians made their living from seal and whale hunting and fishing. They lived in houses and went out to sea in canoes.
- The Plains Indians made a living from hunting bison and buffalo and lived in cone-shaped tents as nomads. The tipis, which were covered with buffalo leather, could be erected and dismantled extremely quickly.
- The Woodland Indians were sedentary and engaged in agriculture. They lived in wigwams, which were partly fortified houses.
- The Pueblo Indians were also sedentary and lived from agriculture. The multi-storey mud houses were partly built in rocks so that they were better protected.
There are, of course, numerous other tribes that are not all mentioned here. It is believed that there were more than 250 Indian tribes before they were driven out by the Europeans.
The distinct knowledge of the Indians about medicinal plants
The Indians all had one thing in common. They had a very extensive knowledge of medicine and medicinal plants and knew exactly how they had to be used. Even today there are numerous medicinal plants that are used in medicine and that can be traced back to the knowledge of the Indians (a current list of the treasures of nature can be found at natur-institut.com). For example, Manuka honey, which is particularly valued by the indigenous people of New Zealand, the Maori, is a remedy that is still often used today. But the cocoa plant was also an important remedy for the medicine men, which not only had a tonic effect, but also accelerated wound healing. Likewise the avocado kernel, which nowadays usually ends up in the garbage can. This was rubbed and was an excellent remedy for diarrhea. The style of the maize plant, which has proven itself in high blood pressure, is still used today.
Power plants such as hemp, thorn apple, coca, psilocybe or peyote were also of great importance to the Indians. While they were drugged in this country, the Indians knew exactly how these plants could help. The thorn apple, for example, is excellent for Parkinson's disease, as it has a calming and anticonvulsant effect when administered in a therapeutic dose. The green snake "Ololioqui", which we know as the funnel-wind, is used by the Mexican Indians, for example, as a gynecological remedy. Cannabis is also currently experiencing a renaissance, according to the operators of Hanfosan.de.
An equally well-known and popular plant was the water dost, which was already used by the Indians as an antipyretic. Another remedy for fever is, for example, the bark of willow trees. This also has an analgesic effect. Poplars and wintergreens are also great for lowering fevers and relieving pain. The substance that works here is acetylsalicylic acid, which is now chemically synthesized.
Oils from conifers, for example, can still be found in medicines today, which can be very effective against coughing.
The Indians had a very strong knowledge of herbal medicine and usually treated all ailments with medicinal plants. Unfortunately, this knowledge has been lost and is hardly passed on any more. However, due to people's rethinking, the knowledge of medicine men is experiencing a real boom and more and more people want to know more about medicinal plants and their effects. One of the reasons for this is that the pharmaceutical industry is becoming less and less credible and one has the feeling that the drugs have more side effects than effects. For this reason, too, the medicinal plants are becoming more and more popular and the herbal medicine of the Indians is back in vogue to strengthen body and mind, to alleviate or heal diseases. The advantage is of course obvious, since the natural remedies, when used properly, are usually free of side effects.
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