What does transference mean in therapy



[engl. transference], [KLI], Transfer is a central concept of psychoanalytic theory and practice (psychoanalysis). In the transference, intense unconscious feelings, desires, sensations or behavior patterns from important past relationships, e.g. B. to parents or siblings, updated in current relationships (projection). Transmission is not just a clinical Phenomenon, but also takes place in everyday relationships, although the psychoanalytic situation offers the opportunity for the systematic development and processing of the transference. Freud encounters the transference for the first time together with Breuer in his studies on hysteria and in connection with the discovery of the shift psych. Energy in dreams (Freud, 1900). On the basis of his later treatment cases (e.g. 1905: Dora) he developed the concept of transference in its essential meaning for psychoanalytic treatment as the transfer of strong feelings from a best. Relation to another person who is independent of this origin. First seen as the main resistance to treatment, Freud conceptualizes the transference here as an important aid and remedy for any treatment. In psychoanalytic therapy, in the transference relationship with the therapist, repetitions of meaningful relationship situations from childhood are restored and are transferred to the analyst (transference neurosis). The transfer is worked through in the treatment, made increasingly aware and thus processed in the therap. Process accessible. Freud (1912) differentiates between positive-affectionate and negative-hostile transference feelings, with a mild positive. Transfer is considered necessary for the working alliance. The understanding of the transfer changes in the course of theoretical and practical developments. With the intersubj. The turning point in psychoanalysis is initially intrapsychic. The transference process located in the patient, in conjunction with the countertransference, increasingly understood as an interpersonal relationship event in the interaction between the patient and the analyst, with real and unconscious relationships interacting (Thomä 2001). Dealing with transference and countertransference is a central aspect of psychoanalytic training and experience in personal. Analysis (training analysis).

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