What is a torn body

"Torn into pieces": the fragmented body

Summary

The authors investigate the extent to which the human body is perceived and represented by means of individual body parts and fragments. To this end, they examine the phantasm of the dismembered body ("corps morcelé") in phases of psychotic disintegration and the staging of the human body and its parts in classical myths, in post-modern splatter films and in works of fine art. An additional section deals with physical dissection as an important paradigm of knowledge in medicine and its use in the field of transplant medicine. A clinical-psychopathological part gives an impression of the symptoms of the fragmented body image in schizophrenia. The investigation of the very heterogeneous material comes to the conclusion that the question of the wholeness of the human being and his disintegration touches on a primeval human fear, but also on an ability to oscillate between part and whole, which the examined areas deal with in a very unique way . In addition, it becomes clear that the psychotic experience of the dismembered body must be distinguished from the metonymic phenomenon of the pars per toto of sexual fetishism.

Abstract

"Torn to pieces": the fragmented body. Phantasm, object of pleasure, and cognitive paradigm
The authors explore the question of the extent to which the human body is perceived and represented by means of individual body parts and fragments. To this end, they examine the phantasm of the dismembered body ("corps morcelé") in phases of psychotic disintegration and the staging of the human body and its parts in classical myths, in post-modern splatter movies, and in works of fine art . An additional section addresses bodily dismemberment as a key cognitive paradigm in medicine and its use in the field of medical transplantation. A clinical / psychopathological section offers an outline of the symptoms of the fragmented body image in schizophrenia. The study of the highly heterogeneous material concludes that the question of the wholeness of the human and his / her disintegration touches on a primordial human fear and also on an ability to oscillate between the part and the whole. The areas studied each tackle this in a very unique way. Moreover, it emerges that the psychotic experience of the dismembered body must be distinguished in particular from the metonymic phenomenon of the pars pro toto of sexual fetishism.

Résumé

"Morcelé": le corps fragmenté. Fantasme, objet de plaisir et paradigme de connaissance
Les auteurs étudient dans quelle mesure le corps humain est perçu et représenté au moyen de parties et fragments du corps. Ils examinent le fantasme du corps morcelé dans les phases de désintégration psychotique et la mise en scène du corps humain et de ses parties dans les mythes classiques, le cinéma gore postmoderne ainsi que les œuvres d’art. A passage supplémentaire a pour sujet le morcellement du corps en tant que paradigme de connaissance important dans la médecine et son application dans le domaine de la transplantation d'organes. Une partie clinico-psychopathologique éclaire la symptomatique de la représentation fragmentée du corps dans la schizophrenie. The examen du matériel très hétérogène arrive à cette conclusion: la question de l'intégrité de la personne et sa désintégration est une angoisse profondément humaine mais qui touche aussi une capacité à osciller entre la partie et le tout ce que les domaines étudiés ici reprennent chacun sur leur mode très specific. De plus, the section clause que le vécu psychotique du corps morcelé est à séparer nettement du phénomène métonymique de la partie prize pour le tout du fétichisme sexuel.