What products soothe acne scars

Acne treatment

Different ways of treating acne

The questions "What helps against acne?" and “What to do about acne?” there are no generally valid answers, because different forms of treatment are recommended for every skin type. The form and causes of acne as well as individual requirements (such as allergies) must also be taken into account if acne is to be treated successfully.

The various acne treatment options are roughly divided into an external (local, local or topical) acne treatment (for example with ointments and peelings) and a holistic (systemic) acne treatment with medication to be used internally.

External acne treatment

Ointments, peelings & Co.

In supermarkets and drugstores as well as in pharmacies without a prescription, ointments, creams, washing lotions and much more are offered for independent acne treatment. In mild forms of acne, such antibacterial (antiseptic) Washing and care series help well. In severe cases, however, they do not offer sufficient help with acne. So if acne persists for a long time, the complexion is deteriorating continuously or you suffer psychologically from acne, you should consult a dermatologist.

External acne treatment is also used in mild and moderate cases Antibiotics used against acne (such as erythromycin and clindamycin) in the form of ointments and creams. They reduce the number of bacteria on the skin.

Also skin renewing Peels can support local acne treatment. They are mostly based on natural fruit acids, the alpha hydroxy acids (AHA). These include, for example, lactic, citric, malic, almond and tartaric acid. The peelings are applied to the affected areas of the skin, where they are left to act for a certain period of time. They peel off the upper layers of the skin and prevent cornification disorders of the skin. The skin looks fresher and the number of blackheads is reduced. It is important that you apply cream to the skin after using a peeling. Usually about six to eight applications are done within four weeks. These peelings should not be used more often as they put a strain on the skin.

Other methods of external acne treatment

Other forms of external acne treatment are offered by the doctor or in the cosmetic studio. These include, for example Steaming, Icing and the cosmetic opening and expressing the pimples or abscesses. Newer treatment methods are radiation with selective UV light and the Color light therapythat were applied over several weeks. An irradiation period lasts about 30 minutes, during which the skin is alternately irradiated with UVA and UVB radiation or alternately with blue and red light.

A completely new method of acne treatment is the so-called Microdermabrasion. Fine crystals are shot onto the skin with high pressure. This removes cornifications and tightens the skin.

Internal acne treatment

Acne drug treatment is only used in moderate and severe cases of illness. It takes time - results are not seen overnight. With most medications, the first signs of improvement in acne symptoms appear after six to eight weeks at the earliest.

For the most part it will be Antibiotics used for internal acne treatment (e.g. in the form of tablets). These fight the bacteria that cause the pimples to become inflamed. However, antibiotics must not be used as a long-term treatment, otherwise resistance can develop. In addition, pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers and children under the age of twelve are not allowed to take certain antibiotics (including tetracyclines).

Another option for acne treatment are Vitamin A acid derivatives (retinoids). They fight pimples and blackheads, but won't help with bacterial infection. The active ingredient isotretinoin, for example, is often used in acne. In many cases, acne is caused by hormones, i.e. by the male sex hormones (androgens). Female sex hormones and anti-androgens can therefore help improve the appearance of the skin. This is why women often do that Birth control pills prescribed for acne treatment. Special preparations based on anti-androgens come into consideration. That said, not all birth control pills are suitable for acne treatment.

The birth control pill is not suitable for acne treatment in women who want to have children. It is also not used on boys and men with acne.

homeopathy is also used in acne treatment, even if studies have so far not been able to provide any clear evidence of its effectiveness. Are popular too Schüssler salts, of which twelve are said to work specifically against bad skin. Which homeopathic applications and Schüssler salts are best suited in each individual case should be discussed with an experienced therapist.

Home remedies for acne

Home remedies such as healing clay, tea tree oil or sage oil have been known for a long time. They can often aid acne treatment.

Tea tree oil is a natural essential oil that is extracted from the tea tree. It has an antibacterial effect and is applied directly to the inflamed or reddened areas of the skin to treat acne. Disadvantages of tea tree oil are that it smells very intense and can be very irritating to the skin.

Sage oil also works against bacteria that are involved in skin inflammation. As part of acne treatment, ten parts of olive oil can be mixed with one part of sage oil. Put a few drops of this mixture on a cotton ball and dab the inflamed areas with it. Repeat this several times a day.

A Chamomile steam bathAs it is usually used for colds, it opens the pores and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Also has a similar effect Witch hazel.

The most famous home remedy for acne is that Healing earth. Acne patients often use them in addition to an existing drug therapy. Healing earth is available as a ready-made paste or as a powder that has to be mixed with water. It is applied to the skin and left on until it is completely dry. The skin is freed from fat, sebum and excess skin flakes and stimulated to increase blood circulation.

Please note, however, that healing clay dries out the skin considerably. People with sensitive skin or skin that is naturally very dry need to apply a lot of cream to their face after a healing earth treatment.

Frequently will also Zinc for acne used, more precisely the zinc oxide. It has a disinfectant effect and can be used as an ointment or in tablet form. With zinc ointments it should be noted that these also have a strong drying effect. If zinc is taken in tablet form, there is a risk of causing an excess of zinc in the body. Zinc displaces other minerals and can cause serious side effects. So before taking zinc tablets, you should discuss this with your doctor.

Acne Treatment Diet

Diet is very important in acne disease. Scientists assume that dairy products and a highly glycemic diet, i.e. a diet with lots of sweet foods such as chocolate, chips or honey, can worsen the complexion. Although this is not the case for all people, it is still not possible to determine exactly who's diet has an influence on their skin and who doesn't. So, to be on the safe side, you should pay attention to your diet during acne treatment: Eat well-balanced foods, make sure you get enough vitamins and avoid foods that are too high in fat.

Recent studies have also shown that milk protein shakes, which athletes like to drink to build muscle mass after exercise, worsen the appearance of the skin when there is a tendency to acne.

More tips for acne treatment

If you notice the first signs of acne, you should see a doctor and discuss the best treatment options for you.

Do not try to combine different treatment methods yourself. Many of the treatment methods mentioned are not compatible with each other. For example, taking certain antibiotics in combination with UV radiation can have serious side effects. Other medications can also affect acne treatment. Therefore, tell your doctor about any medication you are taking.

Many websites recommend acne treatment with UV radiation under the sun bed or in the form of sunbathing. But you should definitely refrain from doing this: UV radiation dries out the pimples, but does not make them go away. In the long term, it also causes the skin to age faster and increases the risk of skin cancer.

Other tips for successful acne treatment:

To wash

Wash your face with a mild soap at least twice a day. The pH of the soap should not be above 5.5. Also, wash your hair more often and make sure it doesn't hang on your face.

Care for

Care for your face with products that contain fruit acids (such as salicylic acid or lactic acid) that aid in acne treatment. Moisturizers, sunscreens, and cosmetics should be water-based, as creams and cosmetics that contain fat or oil clog pores and promote acne. With a mild form of acne, over-the-counter care series from the pharmacy can also be very helpful.

Take care of pimples properly

Don't squeeze out your pimples yourself. If pimples are treated unprofessionally, they become easily inflamed and the growth of new blackheads is stimulated. A beautician can treat your blackheads before they become infected and can also advise you on personal skin care.

Avoid external influences

Protect your skin from extreme cold and direct sunlight. Both can worsen acne in the long term and reverse the successes of acne treatment that have already been achieved.

Feel good

Well-being also plays an important role in acne: a diet with healthy, vitamin-rich foods as mentioned above is just as important as adequate fluid intake and regular exercise. Also, try to avoid stress and excitement. Only if you feel physically and mentally well can the Acne treatment be successful in the long term.

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