Why should endangered species not be protected?
Many millions of animal and plant species live on our earth. Species protection has the task of preserving the diversity of animals and plants in the world and protecting their habitats. That is also necessary because many of them are threatened. In Germany alone, 35 percent of native animal species and 26 percent of plant species are endangered. Scientists have found that up to 130 animal and plant species are becoming extinct worldwide every day. There have always been times in the history of the earth when a particularly large number of species died. The reason for this was, for example, natural disasters. However, the main culprit is now humans.
Endangered species are on the red list
The complete extinction of a species cannot be reversed and means great risks for the equilibrium of nature. Because every species of animal or plant fulfills a special task. To stop species extinction, it is important to know which species are at risk. The International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN then summarizes these in the so-called Red List of Animals and Plants Endangered Worldwide. To this end, around 105,000 animal and plant species are examined and assessed according to strict scientific criteria. The 2019 Red List classifies 27 percent of them, i.e. more than 28,000 species, as endangered. Since only a very small fraction of the known species has been studied, the number is actually much higher.
What precise measures does species protection include?
One of the central tasks of species protection is to preserve and protect the habitats of animals and plants. For example, it must be prevented that these are destroyed by environmental toxins. In addition, endangered species are to be protected from exploitation through hunting and overexploitation. That means: Man must not take more from nature than grows back. The great demand for products such as fur, ivory, leather, wood or exotic foods also poses a great threat to biodiversity.
That is why politicians set out special rules in the so-called Washington Convention on the Protection of Species in 1973 to protect endangered animal and plant species. The agreement controls and restricts the trade of around 5,000 animal species and 29,000 plant species, including elephants, tigers, turtles and orchids. At the moment, 181 countries have committed to complying with the rules of the agreement, including the Federal Republic of Germany.
Everyone can take part in species protection
Even with small things, everyone can help protect species. For example, you protect rivers and lakes if you use detergents and detergents sparingly. When shopping, you should use products with little or no packaging so that there is not so much waste. For example, a thermal mug is a great alternative to paper cups. Anyone who switches from the car to public transport not only saves money, but also helps protect the climate and thus species protection. Climate change will be one of the greatest problems for biodiversity and the balance of nature in the future.
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