Pablo Picasso is considered a surrealist artist

Pablo Picasso - His Life

Photography, Modigliani, Picasso and André Salmon
in front of the Café de la Rotonde, Paris, 1916

Pablo Picasso is one of the most important artists of the 20th century. He stands as a model and epitome of modern art like hardly any other artist. He is a painter, graphic artist, sculptor and co-founder of Cubism.

Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. He is the son of an art and drawing teacher. His full name is: Pablo Diego José Santiago Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispín Crispiniano de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Blasco y Picasso López.

Pablo Picasso is considered an art genius, he creates over 15,000 paintings, sculptures, ceramics and much more.

Pablo Picasso, The Woman's Head, sculpture in Halmstad, Sweden

The rise of a genius

At the age of 15, Picasso attended the art school in Barcelona. 4 years later he published his first illustrations in several newspapers in Barcelona. From 1901 he signed his work with "Picasso". Together with a friend he publishes the magazine "Arte Joven". 3 years later he moved to Paris and met Fernande Olivier there. For several years she is his lover, muse and inspiration for Picasso and she is a model for his works.

The first "papiers collés" (adhesive pictures) were created between 1911 and 1914. Picasso "sticks" together different materials such as sand, wood and sheet metal on them.

In 1917 Picasso designed the set and costumes for the world premiere of the opera “Parade”, for Jean Cocteau (French writer, director, painter and choreographer, 1889-1963) and Erik Satie (French composer and pianist, 1866-1925). Picasso also met Olga Koklowa there, whom he married a year later.

In 1925 Picasso took part in a surrealist exhibition with his work “Three Dancers”. He met Marie-Thérèse Walter two years later, who from now on is his new lover, muse and model.

In 1935 Marie-Thérèse Walter Picasso gave birth to a child, which led to the separation with his wife Olga Koklowa. Picasso received the post of director of the Prado Museum in Madrid in 1936. He now met his second lover Dora Maa, who also inspired him as a model. In 1937 Picasso joined the Republican government of the Republic of Spain after a statement in the "New York Times".

In 1943 he met Françoise Gilot. From this relationship there are two more children. Picasso is awarded the “Médaille de Reconnaissance Française” by the French government.

In 1961 Picasso married Jacqueline Roque and two years later the Museo Picasso was opened in Barcelona. On April 8th, Pablo Picasso died in Mougins and was buried in the garden of his palace.

Replica of Picasso's Guernica in the form of
Tiles as a mural in original size in
the city of Gernika

Pablo Picasso and politics

Civil war breaks out in Spain in 1936. At this time Picasso was working on his painting "Guernica". He received the order for this work from the "Republic of Spain", which defends itself against the dictator Franco. The painting was presented to the general public at the World Exhibition in Paris and subsequently achieved world fame.

In his will, Pablo Picasso decreed that this painting should not return to Spain while Franco was in power. 1944, Picasso joins the French Communist Party. For the Paris World Peace Conference he designed the famous poster of the dove of peace with the branch in its beak.

Picasso immortalized the “Massacre of Korea” in 1951 - this work can be seen today in the Picasso Museum Madrid. It represents his protest against the Americans who are at war there. When Picasso painted his painting “Stalin” two years later, he was not welcomed, either in the Soviet Union or in the USA.

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published by the team of authors, on October 6th, 2006, updated on April 18th, 2021