Chlorinated water makes your skin dark

Skin care in summer

In winter, due to the cold temperatures, the skin needs rich creams (also called care ointments) that have a higher oil content (a water-in-oil emulsion) than creams or lotions. In summer the skin is stressed differently than in winter: in general, less lipid-replenishing ointments are required. Caring for the skin is still very important, as contact with salt or chlorinated water and, last but not least, the much more intense sun stress the skin and can dry out. It is therefore important to shower regularly after the water bath (salt, chlorine) and to apply sunscreen after drying off. The same goes for the hair. If they are exposed to intense sunlight and / or water (chlorine and salt water) for several hours a day, they quickly become dry, brittle and lose their shine. Headgear alone offers better protection for thicker hair.

 

Self-protection of the skin

To a certain extent, the skin can protect itself from the effects of the sun. Depending on the skin type, this self-protection time varies between 10 and 30 minutes. If you want to stay in the sun beyond this time, you have to help with sunscreen with the appropriate sun protection factor (SPF or SPF = Sun Protection Factor). This is absolutely necessary to avoid sun damage such as sunburn. Every skin type has a different length of self-protection time and therefore needs a sun protection factor tailored to it:

 

SKIN TYPE

MARK

REQUIRED SUN PROTECTION

Type 1, Celtic type

does not get brown in the sun, always turns red and gets sunburned quickly

common appearance:

very light skin with freckles, light blonde or reddish hair, blue eyes,

SPF / SPF 30-50 +

Self-protection time is 10 minutes or less

Type 2, fair-skinned European type

only gets a little tan, gets sunburn quickly

common appearance:

Fair skin, blonde or light brown hair, mostly blue or green eyes

 

SPF / SPF 20-50

Self-protection time is between 10 and 20 minutes

Type 3, dark-skinned European type

tans well, gets sunburn less quickly

common appearance:

dark blonde to light brown hair, gray or brown eyes,

SPF / SPF 15-30

Self-protection time is between 20 and 25 minutes

Type 4, Mediterranean type

tans quickly, very rarely gets sunburn

common appearance:

dark skin, brown eyes and hair

SPF / SPF 10-15

Self-protection time is usually over 30 minutes

Sun protection is the be-all and end-all

In Austria, 1,500 people develop a malignant form of skin cancer, melanoma, every year. Much more common, however, are other types of skin cancer, such as basalioma (also known as basal cell carcinoma) and squamous cell carcinoma. Spending long periods of time under direct sunlight, such as sunbathing without protection or working outdoors (garden, field, park, etc.) and frequent sunburns are the main risk factors for the development of skin cancer. In order to protect the largest organ in the body from damage by the sun, it is particularly important to apply sunscreen to the face and body.

 

Skin in the shade

Exposing yourself directly to the sun for a long time is not recommended, even with sunscreen. It is better to stay in the shade or to wear additional headgear such as a hat or cap. But the skin is also exposed to UV radiation in the shade. Although in lower doses than in the blazing sun, you can still get noticeably tanned in the shade or under a cloudy sky, and sometimes even get sunburn. Therefore, it is also important to smear sunscreen in the shade. Children in particular should prefer to stay in the shade, as their skin is far more sensitive than that of adults. In addition, when children play longer on the beach, for example, they should always wear a sun hat and a thin T-shirt. Frequent sunburn in childhood significantly increases the risk of developing skin cancer later than in adults.