Is a monsoon dry or humid


In addition, there can be interactions between the individual monsoon systems such as the West African and Indian-East Asian monsoons, which can affect global weather and climate. After all, the formation and trajectories of tropical cyclones (e.g. hurricanes and typhoons) are related to the respective monsoon systems.

In addition to the Australian-Asian monsoon, the West African monsoon is a second important monsoon system on earth. The precipitation associated with the monsoons is extremely important for many countries in the tropics and subtropics. In Asia and West Africa in particular, the gross national product is heavily dependent on the monsoon rains, as there predominantly agricultural products contribute to the economy of the respective countries. In India, for example, the yield of the rice harvest is largely dependent on the monsoons and a late onset of monsoons can quickly lead to a decline in production of several million tons of rice. The monsoon rains are also a major factor in replenishing the water table and ensuring the population is supplied with clean water. This is a major challenge, especially in India with its growing population. 16 percent of the world's population currently live in India. At the same time, only four percent of the world's freshwater is available in the country.

The monsoons can also have completely different effects. Researchers at the Max Planck Society have found that dangerous chlorinated hydrocarbons such as DDT, which were used in agriculture in India many years ago, are released year after year from the contaminated soils through the monsoons through evaporation and via the Monsoon winds are distributed over a large area.