Has gone through grammatically correct
Sentence structure in English - StudyHelp
Now that we've gone through the different parts of speech, let's see how to combine them into a correct sentence.
Parts of speech are the building blocks of a language, i.e. the raw material from which we assemble the language. Grammar is the guide. It describes how we have to put the building blocks together to create a stable house.
If you know the grammar of a language, you can make up any sentence as long as you know the correct words.
On the following pages we take a look at a version of the sentence structure that has been simplified a bit for better understanding. It should give you a good idea of how the
English language works. First we want to dedicate ourselves to the sentence structure of propositional sentences, since most of the sentences follow these instructions.
The simple sentence structure - Basic Sentence Structure
A sentence is divided into different sentence components. A sentence component is a word (or a collection of words) that has a specific grammatical function. He gives us
The three most important sentence components are:
The order of these sentence modules in a statement is always fixed. The subject always comes before the predicate, the predicate always before the object. The sentence Football I play.
is therefore grammatically incorrect and should not be used.
The subject of a sentence always includes the active part. The person or the object in the subject carries out the activity. Because of this, we can find the subject simply by using
ask the question “Who / what is doing the job?” The English question words for “who” and “what” are who and what. Let's try an example sentence.
In order to find out which part of the sentence the subject is, we ask ourselves the question Who learns for school? The answer is You learn for school. "You" do the activity of learning, so you are the subject. Try it yourself with the next sentence.
Here's the right question, "Who lives in Australia?" Who lives in Australia? The answer is Maria lives in Australia. Maria is the subject. It is the same with objects.
With the question What is very small? we come to the answer the school. As we can see here, a sentence component does not always have to consist of just one word. The subject must always contain a noun, a pronoun or a name! In this case we have the noun school combined with the article the. A subject can sometimes even contain more words than some sentences.
In this sentence we have to work with the question what: What takes so long? The answer to that is walking home with my grandparents. The subject alone takes up a large part of the sentence here. With practice and habit, asking about the subject should no longer be a problem. Most of the time it is clear who or what is doing the job without even asking.
Predicate - Predicate
In statements, the predicate always comes after the subject and indicates the activity that is carried out by the subject. For this reason, the predicate usually consists exclusively of verbs.
Adjectives and nouns have no place in this sentence component.
When analyzing a sentence, it is often most useful to look for the predicate first. Usually it is in the middle of a sentence. There is no direct question about the predicate, there is
but is easy to find if we look for the verb in the sentence.
In this sentence we only have one verb, which is live. It's in the middle of the sentence and follows the subject. That clearly makes it a predicate of the sentence. The predicate, like the subject, can of course also consist of several words. In the article on verbs, we talked about the different verb forms: main verb, auxiliary verb and modal verb. you
can all be in the predicate at the same time.
In this sentence we can see an auxiliary verb and a main verb: have (in this case negated with not) and see (here in the participle form as seen). The predicate in this sentence is therefore
Here, too, we find several verbs: have, been and working. They indicate what I have done, so they form the predicate in the sentence. Sometimes translating from German is not that easy.
Always remember: The order of subject - predicate - object is always fixed in this order and cannot be changed.
In general, the German language also obeys this rule, but sometimes deviates from it hab. For example, in sentences in the perfect tense.
As we can see, there are two verbs in this sentence: "have" and "eaten". If we want to translate this sentence into English, we have to think about the sentence structure. The verb may Not behind the object!
This translation is incorrect because the verb eaten comes after the object the apple. The sentence structure specifies that the verbs belong in the predicate and this comes before the object. The
correct translation is:
Object - Object
The object is the last part of our simple sentence structure. It stands at the end of the sentence, after the predicate, and describes what is being done or with whom / what something is being done. It is
so the passive part of the sentence. Unlike the subject, it does not carry out any activity, instead it interacts with it.
The questions for the property are
- who (who),
- whom (whom) or
- what (what).
As we discussed in the Question Words article, the word counts whom these days
rather than out of date, which is why we're just sticking to who.
football is the object in this example. We'll find out by asking the question What do I play? put. The answer to that is football. It is exactly the same in the following sentence.
What does my sister play? The answer is the guitar. Just like in the subject, the object does not always have to consist of a noun, a pronoun, or a name. In this case we have a noun and an article that together make up the object. Like the subject, the object can almost be an independent sentence.
This time we have to ask for a person: Who do I like? The answer is the girl who jumped over the river. This whole section is the description of a single person and thus forms the object of the sentence. An object can also contain only one word.
What are you? The answer is pretty. Here the object consists only of a single adjective that describes the subject in more detail.
In itself, the object is not necessary to form a complete grammatical sentence. In terms of content, however, in most cases you should include it in order to make your thoughts clearer
do. I am eating a hamburger has much more informative value than I'm eating.
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