Why was Churchill re-elected in 1955?

Winston Churchill 1874-1965

lemoLiving Museum Online

Politician

  • November 30th: Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill is born as the son of the conservative politician Lord Randolph Spencer Churchill and the American Jennie Jerome in Blenheim Palace near Woodstock (Oxford).

  • Churchill graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

  • As a cavalry lieutenant, he took part in campaigns in Cuba, India and Sudan.

  • Churchill is a war correspondent in the Boer War, where he is captured. His escape brings him national fame.

  • Churchill is elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party.

  • He switched to the Liberal Party, where he was a member of the social reform wing.

  • With the Liberal Party's election victory, Churchill becomes Undersecretary of State for the Colonies.

  • Minister of Commerce under the government of Herbert H. Asquith.

  • Minister of the Interior under the same government.

  • After no agreement could be reached with the German Reich on a limitation of armaments, Churchill, as First Lord of the Admiralty, vigorously pushed ahead with the British naval armament.

  • The failure of the Dardanelles expedition prompted Churchill to leave the government. He joins the army as an officer.

  • Churchill returns to Parliament as an MP.

  • Churchill is called back to government by Prime Minister David Lloyd George.

  • Minister of Munitions.

  • As Minister of War and Aviation, Churchill leads Britain's demobilization.

  • Colonial minister.

  • Due to the break-up of the Liberal Party, Churchill returns to the Conservatives.

  • In the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer, he reintroduces the 1914 gold standard.

  • Without a political office, Churchill devoted himself primarily to his historical work.
    His statement against Arthur Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement and his warning of the dangers of the National Socialist regime met with growing public interest.

  • Churchill becomes again First Lord of the Admiralty.

  • May 10th: After the start of the German "western campaign" against France, Churchill becomes Prime Minister and Defense Minister of a newly formed coalition government and party leader of the Conservatives under pressure from public opinion. During the war he became the engine of the British resistance against Adolf Hitler and a symbol of the perseverance of his nation. He is the main initiator of the "Grand Alliance" between Great Britain, the USA and the USSR.

  • August 14: Publication of the Atlantic Charter, jointly proclaimed by Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, which in 1942 becomes a basic document of the United Nations.

  • July 17 - August 2: Churchill takes part in the Potsdam Conference in Cecilienhof Palace.
    After the Conservatives were defeated in the elections, he was forced to resign as prime minister.

  • March 5: In the role of the British opposition leader, Churchill gives a speech in Fulton, Missouri (USA), in which he speaks of the "Iron Curtain" in the middle of Europe and paints a picture of the USSR in the "Cold War" in the western world "becomes decisive.
    September 19: In a speech in Zurich, Churchill calls for European cooperation, but without considering Great Britain as part of the narrower Europe.

  • After the Conservative Party won the election, Churchill became prime minister again and during his term in office he worked to ease the tension in the East-West conflict.

  • Churchill made a name for himself as a painter and writer. For his diverse writings, especially for the six-volume work "The Second World War" (1948-1953), he received the Nobel Prize for Literature.
    He receives the title of nobility "Sir".

  • For his services to the unification of Europe, Churchill received the International Charlemagne Prize of the city of Aachen.

  • The American Congress names Churchill an honorary citizen of the United States.

  • January 24th: Sir Winston Churchill dies in London and is buried in the family cemetery in Bladon, Oxfordshire.

© German Historical Museum, Berlin