What are the characteristics of coniferous trees

Conifer

Spruces stand alone or in forests. They are the most common conifers in Germany.
The larch is the only conifer that turns golden in autumn and then loses its needles.

Most conifers don't have leaves but needles. This is how they differ from the deciduous trees. They are also called conifers or conifers. This name comes from Latin and means cone bearer. The most common conifers in our forests are the spruces, pines and firs.

Characteristic of the conifers is a peculiarity in reproduction: the ovules are not protected by carpels as with the flowers, but they are open. That is why this group is also called the "naked-seed plants". They also include cypresses or thuja, which are often planted as hedges. They have needles that are somewhat reminiscent of leaves.

In Germany and Switzerland, more conifers grow than deciduous trees. Firstly, coniferous wood grows faster; secondly, it is highly valued as construction timber: the trunks are long and straight. Beams, strips, panels and much more can be sawed out of this very well. In addition, softwood is lighter than hardwood.

Conifers are also satisfied with soils that contain fewer nutrients. So they can live high up in the mountains, where the deciduous trees have long lacked oxygen and where the climate does not please them.

Conifers lose their needles after a few years when they are old. But they are constantly being replaced by new needles, so you can hardly see it. That is why they are also known as "evergreen trees". The only exception is the larch: its needles turn golden yellow every autumn and then fall to the ground. Especially in Graub√ľnden in Switzerland, this attracts many tourists every year.

  • The needles of a thuja hedge are reminiscent of leaves.

  • We especially like to see conifers at Christmas time, decorated as a Christmas tree.