Is Christianity all about heaven and hell?
life after death
Christians believe in the resurrection after death. This belief can be traced back to the Easter events: Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was nailed to the cross and took on the sins of all people. After his death he was buried, and on the third day he was resurrected.
However, there is no clear indication in the Bible whether there is a fundamental separation of body and soul after death. In addition, it remains unclear whether there will be a judgment day on Judgment Day or whether an individual judgment will be made after the death of the individual.
For centuries theologians have sought clarification. Most came to the conclusion that the body and the immortal soul separate from each other and that the soul, if the person was a believer, goes to heaven.
Whoever commits sins during his lifetime is threatened by hell. At the end of all time there is the Last Judgment: Then the souls are reunited with their bodies and the final judgment of God is pronounced for each, which assigns them to heaven or hell.
How exactly the Last Judgment should look like, there are different views in the various Christian denominations.
In Judaism, the focus is on life and the connectedness to God that is experienced in it. The Central Council of Jews in Germany puts it this way: "The Jewish religion assumes that life has the highest value, this world is affirmed in every way."
The task of man is to live, to father children and to care for the preservation of the human species. "Man was created by God for life, and that is why everything must be done to preserve man's life."
In Jewish writings such as the Torah, there are no consistent references to life after death. It used to be assumed that the place of the dead is the "Sheol" - the underworld, in which the life-giving communion with God is extinguished. However, under the influence of Persian and Greek ideas, the belief in the resurrection at the arrival of the Messiah prevailed.
Even today, conservative and orthodox Jews profess their belief in the resurrection, reform Jews believe in the immortality of the soul.
Muslims believe in an afterlife in the hope of being close to God. Death is seen as a transition to another plane of life. The angel of death Izrail separates body and soul from one another. The soul of the one who has done good is brought by the angel into the seven heavens before God. Then it gets back into its body, with which the intermediate area (Barzach) begins.
The soul of a bad person, however, is only brought by the angel to the first heaven, where it is denied entry. This soul also gets back into its own body and lingers there in the intermediate area.
Then the soul of the dead is put before an intermediate court, where two angels ask her questions about her faith: If she answers them correctly, she gets the promise for a life in paradise after the resurrection. If she answers incorrectly, the angels torment her and promise her hell.
On the day of judgment all dead will be raised. Each person's good and bad deeds are listed and placed on a scale. Then all the dead have to cross a bridge that leads over hell: the unbelievers and sinners fall into hell, the others get over the bridge into paradise.
However, www.islam.de, an offer from the Central Council of Muslims in Germany, says: "However, we also believe in the mercy of God, who rewards good deeds tenfold or more and just punishes bad deeds once. Every servant of God can do that Avoid the punishment of hell if he sincerely and repentantly asks God for forgiveness for his wrongdoings. "
Hinduism and Buddhism
Buddhism and Hinduism have very similar ideas. This is probably because Buddhism arose from Hinduism. Both religions assume that life is not limited by birth and death, but consists of a series of rebirths (reincarnations). The decisive factor for rebirth is the karma that one has acquired in the previous life, i.e. the sum of positive and negative deeds.
This eternal cycle of rebirth, also called samsara, is viewed as suffering and can only be broken by attaining moksha (Hinduism) or nirvana (Buddhism).
Those who have freed themselves from all basic evils in their reborn existence - such as ignorance or unenlightenment - and have made a moral and spiritual effort, will find salvation in moksha or nirvana. This does not mean immortality, but translated "to extinguish".
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