Where are traffic signs made
Attachment and installation of traffic signs
StVO § 48 Paragraph 1:
As VZ of Sections 50, 52 and 53 StVO, signs made of solid material of the appropriate type and size must be attached so that the drivers of approaching vehicles can recognize them easily and in good time. VZ with the same dimensions may need to be used along the same road.
Unless otherwise noted in the notification, the size of the VZ of the construction site should be based on the size of the VZ of the street in question.
StVO § 48 Abs. 2:
The VZ are to be placed on the right-hand side of the street or above the lane, unless otherwise stated in the StVO. Additional attachment at other locations is permitted.
Special regulations apply to motorways (installation on both sides, i.e. left and right, or above the lane - with the exception of only 1 lane / direction of travel or in two-way traffic areas or when the announcement "End of the overtaking ban" [§ 52 lit a Z 4b and 4d StVO]) .
It may also be necessary to attach VZ to the left in order to increase attention or to ensure the necessary approach range in the case of unfavorable alignment conditions. Signposts may be set up where they are more easily recognizable, but it is important to ensure that detour signs are clearly assigned to the street.
StVO § 48 Abs. 4:
No more than 2 VZ may be attached to an attachment device for VZ. Exceptions are possible (see legal text in detail), but hardly apply to construction sites.
When counting, VZ according to §§ 50, 52 and 53 StVO are meant; Additional boards (§ 54) are also VZ, but allowed to the extent necessary.
StVO § 48 Abs. 5:
The lower edge of a VZ next to the carriageway may not be less than 0.60 m and only in exceptional cases more than 2.50 m, when installed above the carriageway not less than 4.50 m and only in exceptional cases more than 5.50 m.
If more than one VZ is affixed, these values apply to the lower VZ, unless the StVO stipulates something else for certain VZ.
The lateral distance between the carriageway and the edge of the VZ closest to the carriageway must not be less than 0.30 m and only in exceptional cases more than 2.00 m, in the open air only in exceptional cases less than 1.00 m and more than 2.50 m. If VZ are attached next to each other, this information applies to the sign attached closer to the lane.
In the case of construction work, the list of VZ will often depend on other criteria. For example, a minimum width of 90 cm should be taken into account on pavements in unavoidable narrow spaces (width required by a wheelchair user). As a result, it can happen that VZ protrude into the roadway in cramped conditions.
In the case of lanes, a minimum width of 2.75 m should be guaranteed if there is a lane marking or the edge of the lane is moved. Otherwise the marking must be canceled or changed accordingly. VZ should not protrude beyond a road edge that has been changed by traffic cones, beacons or otherwise shown.
StVO § 48 Paragraph 6:
If traffic safety requires it, especially in the case of a confusing road layout, one or more identical signs must be affixed at an appropriate distance in front of the VZ and given the appropriate distance to the point to which the VZ refer.
This applies in particular to the VZ "pedestrian crossing", "cyclist crossing", "advance notice of a light signal" (traffic light), "give priority" and "obligation to wait for oncoming traffic". Exception: The VZ "Halt" is to be announced in advance by the VZ "Give priority".
StVO § 49 Paragraph 2:
The danger signs must be placed 250 - 400 m on motorways and 150 - 250 m in front of the danger zone on other roads (with exceptions for certain specific VZ).
StVO § 49 Paragraph 3:
If it corresponds better to traffic safety, the danger signs are to be affixed at a distance other than that specified in Paragraph 2. Then the distance to the danger point must be indicated on an additional sign on open-air roads under the VZ.
The use of additional boards is particularly necessary if, due to local conditions, hazard signs are not set up in the specified areas
StVO § 49 Abs. 4:
If danger spots extend over a longer section of road and this is not recognizable or cannot be suspected, the length of the danger spot must be indicated on an additional board; if necessary, the relevant danger sign must be repeated.
StVO § 51 Abs. 1:
Regulatory signs are to be affixed in front of the point to which they apply. If traffic safety requires it, they must be repeated. This also applies to no overtaking bans or speed restrictions for a road stretch of more than 1 km, whereby the distance information must be given on additional boards.
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