What are some interesting facts about Iowa


Iowa (named after an Indian tribe) is not exactly on the main tourist routes of vacationers. But that also makes the special appeal of the relatively unknown "Hawkeye State" out. The nickname is a tribute to the Indian chief "Black Hawk".

The state motto of Iowa is “Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain”, a clear indication of the importance of freedom and political rights to the people here. As a state in the American Midwest, Iowa is unusually relatively liberal.

The balance of power between the Democrats and Republicans is balanced today, and Iowa is what is calledSwing State, whereby in the last few decades it was mostly the Democrats who were able to prevail. In the presidential primaries, Iowa is usually early and, in a way, a trendsetter that both sides have hoped for.

The farmer state was astonishingly progressive, especially when it came to introducing civil rights. The Iowa Supreme Court ruled early on against slavery (1839), racial segregation (1868), and racial discrimination (1873). Women were allowed to study law here much earlier than in other states. And back in 2009, Iowa legalized same-sex marriage as the third state after Massachusetts and Connecticut.

The western border of Iowa is formed by the Missouri and Big Sioux Rivers. In the east, however, the Mississippi separates Iowa from the states of Wisconsin and Illinois. Other neighboring states are Minnesota (north), Missouri (south) and South Dakota and Nebraska in the west.

This makes Iowa the only US state that is bounded by two river systems both in the east and in the west. The state is characterized by gentle hilly landscapes; in the south-east it becomes flatter. The highest point is Hawkeye Point with a height of 509 m. Some well-known lakes are theSpirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, and East Okoboji Lake, all of which are located in the Iowa Great Lakes region.

Iowa: facts

  • Surface: 145,743 sq km
  • Residents: 3.046.355
  • Abbreviation: IA
  • Capital: Des Moines
  • Local time: GMT -5
  • Nickname: The Hawkeye State

Map of Iowa

Iowa: Climate and Weather

Climatically, Iowa has the typical Midwestern climate with humid continental characteristics. The winters are cold and sometimes snowy, the summers can be humid and quite warm. In addition to many thunderstorms, tornadoes are also quite numerous here and can wreak havoc. The state is sparsely populated, however, so that destruction is usually limited in contrast to other states.

Climate table

current weather

Note: USA-Info.net cannot guarantee the climate and weather data provided here.

Fertile land in the USA's breadbasket

The fertile loess soil makes Iowa one of the most productive US states in the United States' corn belt. Maize, soybeans, grain and potatoes are grown here in particular. Livestock farming also plays a major role with pigs, cattle and a well-developed dairy industry.

In addition to the strong economic dominance of the agricultural sector in the land of the vast farms, other branches also play a role, including mechanical engineering (including tractors and agricultural machinery), electronics, metal industry, chemicals and print products. Almost 90% of the area of ​​this state is used in some way for agriculture, which shows the focus and not without reason is a second nickname of the state Corn State.

The main cities are the capitalDes Moines in the center of the state, as well as Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Sioux City, Waterloo, and Iowa City. Most regions of the state are characterized by villages and small towns. The people are hospitable, humorous and close to nature. Hunting and fishing are popular pastimes. Most of them are of European descent (over 40% of them have German ancestors!), There are also smaller groups of Hispanics and Afro-Americans.

Due to the high descent from Germany, the proportion of Lutherans in the religions is high, only the followers of the Catholics in the state are larger. Then there are Methodists, Baptists and Presbyterians.

Des Moines was not declared the capital until 1857, before Iowa City had (you can still do that here todayOld Capitollook at) this function. The first Europeans on the territory of the state were French, as part of Louisiana it became part of the USA in 1803 after the Louisiana Purchase. After more and more settlers arrived from the east and south of the United States, the United States Congress established the Iowa Territory in 1838, which became the 29th state in 1846.

Amana Colonies, Farm Tours, and Covered Bridges

The German origins can still be seen today in the Amana colonies (Amana Colonies) discover. Here in the middle of the USA you can still find quite a few Americans who can still speak Amana German (similar to Pennsylvania Dutch). The Amana Church Society is a free church and immigrants from Germany founded seven self-sufficient churches here near Iowa City on the river. These have been in theNational Historic Landmark the USA.

Unlike the Amish, for example, the followers of this group are open to technical progress. Today the group is also known for some technical and agricultural innovations such as the Amana Orange Tomato. As is so often the case, the Germans are also good master brewers, and the Millstream Brewery was founded in these colonies. You can find out more about the group in theAmana Heritage Museum.

If you want to learn more about the history of the state as a center of agriculture, you should visit theLiving History Farms inUrbandalslook at. Here you can visit old farms or take a look at modern large farms.

In the capital, Des Moines, those interested in art should do thatDes Moines Art CenterThe Temple of Performing Arts, the Des Moines Opera and Symphony are also interesting culturally. In July you shouldJazz in July visit.

The imposing oneIowa State Capitol In contrast to the others of its kind in the US states, it has five domes (only Rhode Island also has this) and the middle dome is coated with gold. You can learn more about the history of Iowa and its people atState of Iowa Historical Museum. You should also visit the Botanical Garden and theBlank Park Zoo. Well-known museums are also the Wallace House Museum, thePolice Museum & Historical Society and the Fort Des Moines Museum and Education Center.

Iowa is also known for its romantic,covered bridges. The Covered Bridges in the area around Winterset are something special and will remind many of the movie "The Bridges on the River" with Meryl Streep and Clint Eastwood. Madison County and Winterset (this is where John Wayne was born and is dedicated to the complexBirthplace of John Wayne) is also not far from Des Moines, so you can see the bridges up close.

TheIowa Great Lakes Region is one of the tourist highlights in the state. Numerous state parks such as Elinor Bedell State Park, Gull Point State Park, Pikes Point State Park and Trapper's Bay State Park protect nature and offer plenty of recreational opportunities in combination with an exciting nature.

Flag of Iowa