What is a political region



Houses shot up and desperate people in Chechnya, the overthrow of the government and new elections in Georgia: more and more pictures and messages from the Caucasus are reaching us. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about this region, which is characterized by ethnic conflicts, aspirations for independence and civil wars.

Since the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Caucasus, which acts as a bridge between Europe and Asia, has gained enormous strategic and economic importance for the West.

North Caucasus, which politically belongs to Russia, became important in the post-Soviet period primarily as a transit region for oil from the Caspian region. The three South Caucasian states, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, which have been independent since 1991, are involved in international politics as equal members of a large number of international organizations and alliances. Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, they have served the USA as a base of operations for the global "fight against terrorism". At the same time, it should be prevented that the crisis region Caucasus becomes a retreat for radical Islamists.

Against this background, the magazine offers a brief overview of the history of the Caucasus and traces its current political, economic and social development.

Pages: 24, date of publication: January 15, 2004, place of publication: Bonn, order number: 4014