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1 taxe perçue - Economy-C MAGAZINE for South Tyroleans in the world BOZEN / ITALY December 2020 South Tyrolean cuisine meal! Photo: Reinhard Steger Poste Italiane spa - Shipping by postal subscription - G.D. No. 353/2004 Appears monthly (conv. In Leg. No. 46 of) Art. 1, Para. 2, DCB Bozen

2 2 TOPIC H&W December 2020 The South Tyrolean cuisine Development, identity and quality of vocational training n In South Tyrol, the rapid development of South Tyrolean cuisine is almost perceived as normal. However, this is intended to be too simple. Against the background that one only communicates about national kitchens worldwide and that only one city with a million inhabitants (Vienna) has its own kitchen, the Viennese cuisine, the success of South Tyrolean cuisine is all the more important in a micro-country with inhabitants. Yes, this development was the key to success for the holiday and enjoyment country South Tyrol. Because it has always been like this: Wherever you eat well, people always like to come together !. The development of the South Tyrolean cuisine South Tyrol, originally the 10th federal state of Austria, was very poor after the 1st and 2nd World War. Only home-style cooking and traditional cuisine were common in the trading city of Bolzano (e.g. Bolzano Stockfischgröstel). And so for a long time until the late 1960s only a very limited development was possible in the cities of Merano, Bozen and Brixen. The traditional South Tyrolean cuisine was the traditional Tyrolean cuisine, in combination with the traditional cuisine in the cities. The outstanding core dish of traditional (but now also modern) South Tyrolean cuisine is the dumpling. Other special features of traditional cuisine are: Vormess (before mass; old term for breakfast that is hardly used today), midday, a late morning snack, marende (afternoon snack), night time (supper). This home cooking had a very limited range of foods available. Up until the 1970s, only urban residents were able to access a wider range of foods. Andreas Hellrigl: from South Tyrolean mountain farmer's boy to Chef of the Year in the USA South Tyrol already had exceptional talents in the 1960s, such as Andreas Hellrigl from Langtaufers, Heinz Winkler from Afers and Norbert Kostner from Val Gardena. Each of them later made international culinary history. And they have decisively influenced the opening up from traditional South Tyrolean cuisine to modern South Tyrolean cuisine. The progressive, modern South Tyrolean cuisine had its beginnings with Andreas Hellrigl and other very committed chefs in Two generations of chefs high up in the mountains at the cooking competition in Ulten in the sixties and seventies. Andreas Hellrigl is referred to in literature as a pioneer of South Tyrolean cuisine. Born in the poorest circumstances as an illegitimate child in Taufers in Vinschgau in 1932, he completed his apprenticeship years in St. Moritz, Munich, etc. He later worked in Rome and Venice. Subsequently, he built the star restaurant Andrea and the luxury hotel Villa Mozart in Merano. At the same time as the HGV chairman of Merano and as the founding president of the South Tyrolean Chefs Association, he calls for and promotes a completely new approach to quality based on his own products in connection with Italian and Mediterranean influences. In 1969 he cooked the state banquet for the still young Queen Elizabeth II of England in Innsbruck, he was appointed chef of the Villa Mozart in Merano from Italy to the state banquet of the EC heads of government in Milan at the Castello Sforzesco, he went to America and opened there in New York, Manhattan the later cult restaurant Palio, which was best restaurant in the USA in 1988. Quality offensive in training and our own South Tyrolean kitchen literature After a new generation of young, committed cooks subsequently triggered a strong development with Hansi Baumgartner, director Erik Platzer from the Kaiserhof was also a decisive source of inspiration. As early as the early 1980s, he called for a profound quality offensive in the field of training and further education as well as his own, well-founded South Tyrolean kitchen literature - based on his own South Tyrolean products. At the beginning of the 1990s, the South Tyrolean Chefs Association (it has the highest number of members in the world compared to the number of inhabitants with almost 2000) called for a further quality offensive in the training of young cooks. The motto is: Learn from the best of the best. The promotion of young people, the international competition and further training to become a master chef is being promoted enormously by the South Tyrolean Chefs Association

3 H&W December 2020 TOPIC 3 Contents TOPIC 2 The South Tyrolean cuisine SÜDTIROL AKTUELL Norbert Niederkofler is South Tyrol's only 3-star chef. And from 2000 the South Tyrolean cuisine experienced another profound breakthrough in the publication of South Tyrolean kitchen literature. With this, the development of South Tyrolean cuisine is once again being driven forward tremendously. The current rating of the best South Tyrolean restaurants in the Michelin Guide results in a total of 26 Michelin stars (as of summer 2020). The new Guide Michelin 2021 will be presented at the end of November. Promoting identity through South Tyrolean food Especially in the apprenticeship training at the hospitality schools, it has been shown that the targeted examination of fresh South Tyrolean food is immensely promoting the identity of the young people. The refinement and preparation of South Tyrolean foods, the fascination of dishes made from local ingredients and the very special taste experience fascinates the young people in training as well as the locals and holiday guests. That is why the in-depth examination of one's own terroir and the direct networking of kitchen and agriculture is one of the most important key competencies in training and further education and for the experience of South Tyrol. The basic prerequisite for this is that the South Tyrolean population loves their own products, likes and prefers to eat them and that e.g. the Pustertaler Rohne, the Vinschger apricot, the Villnösser Brillenschaf, the Altreier coffee on the plate of the locals become an experience. South Tyrol's cuisine lives from the quality of local food. Photos: Reinhard Steger Quality development of the training - many young, ambitious cooks The state of South Tyrol has invested a lot in new schools and it has succeeded in attracting ambitious, young cooks with international experience for teaching. They convey progressive South Tyrolean cuisine with great commitment and passion without forgetting tradition, without denying tradition and they always focus on local South Tyrolean producers. The most popular practical occupation in South Tyrol today is a cook. South Tyrol has an incredible density of young, ambitious chefs, and a few years of international experience have become standard in personal development. The structure of the master chef training, the further training for dietetic trained cook as well as for dipl. Diet cooks are models of success. In the annual ratings of gastronomy guides such as Michelin, Gault Millau, Espresso, Falstaff, etc., South Tyrol has always performed extremely well. And it is precisely this enormous willingness to undertake training and further education that has an extremely positive effect on the overall development of South Tyrolean cuisine. And the spearhead is particularly clearly visible here in the development of the star restaurants, which is unique. The three Michelin stars for Norbert Niederkofler were unthinkable ten years ago for such a small country as South Tyrol. Likewise, winning the professional world championships twice. > Reinhard Steger President South Tyrolean Chefs Association-SKV 4 short messages 5 future scenarios, foreword 6 tunnel into Val Badia, homeless, Austrian ambassador, sculpture 7 foreigners 8 South Tyrol innovative: beard care 9 Ladin Wikipedia, cycling, prices for women 10 Lana-Meran-Bahn 11 book presentation EXPERTS 12 EEVE, taxes 13 Internal minimum pension 13 TREFF.Heimat 14 Reading tour 15 South Tyroleans in Hesse and Zurich HEIMAT AND WORLD 16 Kurt Dejori IMPRINT HEIMAT & Welt Publisher and owner: South Tyroleans in the world VFG Responsible for the content: Dr. Hans Gamper Editor: Ingeburg Gurndin Editor: Irene Schullian all: Bozen, Pfarrplatz 31, Postf. 463 Tel. (0039) Fax (0039) Internet: suedtirolerinderwelt.kvw.org Registered at the Regional Court of Bozen under 7/72 Print: Lanarepro Ges.mbH , I Lana issues: Heimat & Welt appears monthly (a total of 11 times a year) If undeliverable, return it to: Arbeitsstelle für Südtiroler in der Welt, Bolzano, Pfarrplatz 31, Postf. 463 Editorial deadline: On the 15th of the month Bank details: South Tyrol and Italy: Südtiroler Sparkasse Waltherplatz, Bolzano IBAN IT68A BIC CRBZIT2B001 Co-financed by the Autonomous Province of Bolzano AUTONOMOUS PROVINCE OF BOLZANO - SOUTH TYROL PROVINZIA AUTONOMA DE BULSAN - SOUTH TYROL PROVINCIA AUTONOMA DI BOLZANO - ALTO ADIGE

4 4 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL H&W December 2020 In brief news from South Tyrol n KUNST action for Musik Stade in northern Germany via Austria and South Tyrol to Rome, this path was first mentioned in a document, now it is to be brought back to life thanks to the European Association of the Via Romea Germanica become. In Germany, this pilgrimage has largely been developed, but not yet in Italy.

5 H&W December 2020 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL 5 future scenarios How would we like to live in South Tyrol in 2030? FOREWORD n How do we imagine South Tyrol in 2030 with the experience of the Covid 19 pandemic? With the support of a 20-person interdisciplinary advisory board, researchers from Eurac Research and the Steinbeis University carried out a future study for South Tyrol with a special focus on sustainability on behalf of the South Tyrolean provincial government. The aim of the strategic foresight is not to predict the future, but to deal systematically and scientifically with various future scenarios, as well as with the associated opportunities and challenges. Four possible future scenarios for South Tyrol were developed. Scenario I: World of regional awareness Strength lies in tradition. The social security of the own population, promoted by a targeted social and redistribution policy, and the protection of the native environment are the focus of political attention. Scenario II: World of Neo-Cosmopolitanism Think globally, act locally. The Covid-19 pandemic has made the vulnerability and non-sustainability of a hyper-globalized world economy geared towards permanent growth clear and has contributed to a radical rethinking in the direction of socially fair and ecologically sustainable modes of production and living. Scenario III: World of Individual Freedom I am the blacksmith of my own happiness. Trust in market mechanisms and in competition as the most important social order principle has been strengthened. Performance and personal responsibility are among the determining social guiding principles. Scenario IV: World of Green Innovations There is a (technological) solution for everything. There is an intensification of international cooperation and the global exchange of information, goods and services. Most people in South Tyrol are networked with the world in a global village thanks to new technologies and growing cooperation networks. Economic growth, technological progress and investments in research and education are seen as the most important instruments for increasing prosperity. The study is intended to provide food for thought for the sustainable development of South Tyrol, but the setting of the course lies in the hands of the political, economic and social decision-makers. The entire study report can be found here: bit.ly/3mfpc4g

6 6 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL H&W December 2020 Tunnel pierced New entrance to Val Badia Homeless in Bolzano Students are developing projects n The approximately one kilometer long tunnel at the new entrance to Val Badia is now pierced. The new entrance to Val Badia is currently one of the most important construction projects in the country in the field of transport infrastructure. It should relieve the center of St. Lorenzen and the Pflaurenz fraction from traffic and guarantee a direct connection from the Pustertal state road to the Gadertal. Construction of the tunnel is expected to take another 18 months. According to Umberto Simone, who is responsible for the procedure, the new 140-meter-long bridge over the Kniepass reservoir and the railway line will be installed over the next few months. The new entrance to Val Badia with the Pflaurenz tunnel begins in the area of ​​the junction to the Aue industrial park and ends at the connection to the Pustertal state road (SS 49). The entrance to the Gadertal will be built about 400 meters before the Sonnenburg tunnel, with a roundabout above the Pustertaler Straße. A bridge connects the roundabout with the tunnel, which ends in the existing Gadertaler Straße.

7 H&W December 2020 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL 7 The proportion of foreigners in South Tyrol is 9.6 percent Immigration yearbook 2020 presented n The statistical yearbook on immigration 2020 was presented throughout Italy at the end of October. A total of foreigners lived in South Tyrol at the end of 2019. This corresponds to a population share of 9.6 percent. Compared to the previous year, the number of foreign citizens increased by 630 or 0.1 percent. These current data on immigration in Italy and South Tyrol are contained in the Statistical Yearbook on Immigration 2020, hot off the press (Dossier Statistico Immigrazione). The yearbook, which was presented throughout Italy on the same day and which is celebrating its 30th birthday this year, provides a comprehensive look at the development of immigration up to In South Tyrol 9.6 percent foreign citizens The proportion of foreign citizens in South Tyrol is higher than the European and Italian average, but clearly below that of neighboring Tyrol at 16 percent. A third of the foreigners in South Tyrol come from EU countries, around 30 percent from European non-EU countries, 19 percent from Asia and 14 percent from Africa. As before, the Albanians make up the largest group with around 6,000 people, followed by Germans, Pakistanis, Moroccans and Romanians. Foreign population is young The number of births is stable at 700 to 800 and a share of 14 to 15 percent. The proportion of foreigners is relatively high at over 20 percent of the minor population in South Tyrol. The foreign population is on average younger than the domestic: 68.8 percent are younger than 44 years, only 4.4 percent older than 65. More foreign women (52.4 percent) still live in South Tyrol than men. The foreigners living in South Tyrol mainly work in the service sector (68.2 percent compared to 71 percent of employees with Italian citizenship). Worldwide migration Millions of people were traveling around the world last year, Fernando Biague described the international situation. There is one migrant for every 30 inhabitants of the world. The number of migrants has risen by 14 million in each of the last two biennials: from 244 million in 2015, their number rose to 258 in 2017. Europe leads the way as the host country with 89.2 million migrants, followed by Asia (77.5 million), America (almost 70 million) and Oceania (8.7 million). The 79.5 million refugees and asylum seekers contrast with 164 million economic migrants. Migration in Italy There were officially foreign citizens resident in Italy on December 31, 2019 (an increase of people compared to the previous year). 3.6 million are not EU citizens. Romanian immigrants make up the largest group with 1.2 million. It is followed by the Albanians (), the Moroccans () and the Chinese ().

8 8 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL H&W December 2020 A hairy thing South Tyrol innovative: products for beard care The combination of jojoba oil, mountain pine and lemon or orange cares for, protects and makes the beard supple. V. l. Stefan Egger and Philipp Ausserer have been convinced beard wearers themselves for years and have created their own product line for beard care. n Steve and Phill's from Lana is the first South Tyrolean brand of products for beard care. With spicy essences such as mountain pine oil and natural recipes, a complete line for well-groomed beards and the skin underneath has been created. Stefan Egger and Philipp Ausserer (in arte: Steve and Phill) have been bearded people out of conviction for years. When searching photos: Steve & Phill for products for the care of their own beards, they could hardly believe that there are no high-quality products for beards in a highly competitive market like that of cosmetics and personal care. This gave rise to the idea of ​​penetrating this gap in the market and developing products ourselves. The products dispense with chemical-synthetic ingredients and animal testing, they are also suitable for vegans and take into account Alpine and Mediterranean fragrances. Tyrolean mountain pine is the basis for the care line. Beard oil consists of mountain pine oil in combination with jojoba oil and the top note of lemon or orange. The mountain pine grows close to the tree line and gives off a strong resinous scent. It is popularly known as the mountain blessing and is one of the oldest medicinal plants in the Alpine region. The oil obtained from mountain pine has a particularly refreshing scent, reduces the formation of germs, provides moisture, is suitable for all skin types, but also especially for dry skin, and has a circulation-promoting effect. Point of contact for discerning beards Not only barber shops, but also shops from the food and lifestyle sector that focus on South Tyrolean quality products, as well as high-quality hotels, are interested in these beard care products with South Tyrolean connotations. The young entrepreneurs are currently working on their online presence, which should become a reference point for bearded guys with expert tips, tricks and tricks for beard care.

9 H&W December 2020 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL 9 Ladin Wikipedia online Important information now also in Ladin in its own digital en zy k lo pä die n The Ladin digital encyclopedia Wikipedia Ladina has recently been online and offers information in Ladin the independent digital encyclopedia in the various Ladin idioms successfully online. Wikipedia Ladina is thus a testimony to the Ladin language and culture, says the Ladin Education and Culture Councilor Daniel Alfreider. The fact that information on Wikipedia can now also be searched for and read in Ladin online in line with the spirit of the times is an enrichment for the identity and culture of the Ladins. In addition, Wikipedia could also be useful for teaching in Ladin schools, according to the Provincial Council. The combination of the Internet as a medium and the creation of Ladin content is contemporary and interesting and can certainly contribute to informing even more people about us Ladins, our culture and language via the web, says Alfreider. The project was coordinated by Susy Rottonara from the Ladin School and Culture Department and implemented with the support of the Ladin writer Roland Verra and the expert from Wikimedia Italia, Gian Francesco Esposito. Wikipedia Ladina contains information on various topics from geography to history to biology and also specific information about the history, language and culture of the Ladins. A total of 1880 pages were created. To date, 441 people have participated. All Ladins who would like to take part in Wikipedia Ladina still have the opportunity to do so. For more information about this voluntary work, please contact the Ladin School and Culture Department. And here it goes to Wikipedia Ladina: org / wiki / plata_prinzipala

10 10 SÜDTIROL AKTUELL H&W December 2020 The train from Lana to Merano First electric tram in South Tyrol n Like so many small railways in Tyrol, the Lana-Merano railway was shut down in 1950, 70 years ago this year. A long and eventful history of the tram came to an end. The first electric tram in South Tyrol from Lana to Merano was officially opened on August 11, 1906 and ran until May 8, the opening of the Lana-Merano Railway with the railcars decorated with garlands, the guests of honor (Dipl.-Ing.Luis Zuegg, Dr Jakob Köllensperger, Franz Stauder) and the railway staff After the start of the railway from Bozen to Meran on October 4, 1881, the Burggräfler community of Lana also started building a local railway to Meran. As early as 1897, the Tyrolean railway pioneer and k. k. Oberbaurat Ing.Josef Riehl from Innsbruck prepared the first studies for an electric tram from Meran to Lana. This local train was supposed to create a quick and practical connection between the up-and-coming spa town of Merano and the municipality of Lana, in order to also offer the noble Merano spa guests appropriate excursion options. These included above all the wild and romantic Gaul Gorge, rich in nature, and the Gothic Schnatterpeck Altar in the parish church of Niederlana. But the Lanan bourgeoisie themselves also dealt with a new road and rail connection to Meran around 1900, as there was no direct road connection between Lana and Meran at that time and you had to take the detour via Burgstall. Electricity from the power station in the Gaulschlucht When in 1903 the Lanan cable car pioneer Luis Zuegg, who is considered the founder and promoter of early industrialization in Tyrol, returned from Graz to his hometown Lana and there with the help of his fellow student Franz Pichler from the Elin works in Weiz in Eastern Styria built the first power station in the Lananer Gaulschlucht gorge, a new rail connection was discussed again intensively. Together with other like-minded people from Lana, above all with the lawyer and later mayor Jakob Köllensperger (), a single-track, narrow-gauge local railway with one meter gauge from Lana to Meran along the new road to be built was considered. Far-sighted people soon found each other and founded their own stock company. As a result, a separate consortium consisting of Messrs. Jakob Köllensperger, electrical works owner and later cable car pioneer Luis Zuegg, wholesaler Martin Lösch, Teiss landlord Franz Stauder and building contractor Anton Gurschelbauer was founded. Granting of concession for narrow-gauge railway These five gentlemen received from the k. k. The Ministry of Railways in Vienna granted the concession for the construction and operation of a narrow-gauge railway from Lana to Meran that can be operated with electric power. Luis Zuegg also saw this electric tram as a good pantograph for his power station in the Gaul and was therefore, despite many opponents, an ardent advocate of this local train. This 7.6 km long new tram from Lana via Tscherms and Marling to Merano was financed exclusively through the sale of shares.The starting point was opposite the Gasthof Teiss in Oberlana, the end of the line in front of the Hotel Central on Rufinplatz (today Theaterplatz) in Merano. Larger construction projects had to be carried out, including a new bridge over the Adige near Marling and one over the Passer (the former Kaiserbrücke, now the Theaterbrücke). The following eleven stops could now be served with this new tram: Oberlana, Tscherms, Tscherms Feldererhof, Marling Kellerei, Marling Dorf, Untermais train station, Kaiserjägerkaserne, supply house, sports field, Franz-Ferdinand-Kai and Meran Rufinplatz (today Theaterplatz). For passenger traffic, which ran from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m., there were four railcars, a baggage car and three sidecars. Later two more

11 11 The terminus was in front of the Hotel Central on Rufinplatz in the center of Merano. With a maximum gradient of 33 per mille, the ride was 30 minutes apart and the travel time from Lana to Meran was 26 minutes. Special trains were also often used; so the so-called theater trains often ran in the evenings so that the theatergoers could return from Merano to Lana late in the evening. Ceremonial opening and maiden voyage On August 11, 1906, the passenger railcar, decorated with garlands, left Lana for the first time. After this successful maiden voyage, regular rail operations began the next day. This tram soon became a driving and invigorating economic factor for the entire burgrave office. In the first month of operation, passengers were already carried, and in the first half of the year it was already people. The number of passengers rose continuously. In 1909 passengers were already using the Lana-Meran Railway, in 1910 they were, and in 1913 even passengers. This made the Lana-Meran-Bahn one of the most popular railways in the whole of Tyrol. It was only with the outbreak of World War I that the upward trend came to an abrupt end; In 1914 only more passengers were carried. From May 9, 1908, there was also the option of changing to the newly opened Meran at Rufinplatz. Their lines led to the Merano railway station, to Obermais and to Forst and ran until May 24th As an extension and connection with the Bozen Meraner Bahn, the local railway Lana-Burgstall-Oberlana was put into operation from the Oberlana railway station on December 13, 1913, which, in addition to transporting people, was also used primarily to transport local fruit (apple express). End of a tram era after 44 years In the difficult war and post-war years that followed after 1914, the Lana - Meran Railway was spared from destruction. But the declining traffic performance, the outdated vehicle fleet, the increasing individual traffic and the lower acceptance due to the advancing road traffic deprived it of its passengers more and more after the Second World War. In addition, extensive repairs were now due. On May 8, 1950, this tram from Lana to Meran was discontinued after a total of 44 years of operation and replaced by a bus service (ALM). Karl Zuegg () filmed this last historical train journey from Lana to Merano and back with the former founders, sponsors and long-term employees, as well as guests of honor and the farewell BOOK PRESENTATION Maria Magdalena From the life and death of my sister A message shook family and friends shortly after Christmas 2018 : Maria Magdalena, only called Marlene by everyone, is dead. The woman was found lifeless in her apartment in St. Georgen near Bruneck. Choke marks on the neck and a lack of money and wallet suggested a robbery or a violent crime. The perpetrator was quickly caught, and the Lana civic band at the Oberlana train station remained behind and played the farewell march. > Text and postcard collection: however the grief. Through stories from friends and family members, Josef v. Sand a remarkable portrait of his twin sister, a woman from South Tyrol who struggles through self-doubt, alcohol and drug addiction and finds moments of happiness in all the difficult times. Albert Innerhofer, Lana Maria Magdalena. About the life and death of my sister by Josef von Sand Verlag 1460 Sand in Taufers, 2020 ISBN

12 12 USEFUL H&W December 2020? You ask, experts answer EEVE (Uniform Declaration of Income and Assets) I currently live with my partner abroad, but would like to buy an apartment in South Tyrol in the foreseeable future. Since it is our first home, we would also like to apply for the corresponding state contribution. I was assured in the responsible state office that the fact that I am currently registered in the Aire is not an obstacle. However, the EEVE is one of the documents to be submitted. Since I have lived and also work abroad since 2016, I do not have to present an Italian tax return (the last one is from 2017 for the 2016 tax year). Can I still create (or have) an EEVE? If so, how can I ensure that the higher cost of living abroad is taken into account when interpreting my international income? It is true that you can also apply for funding when you buy a property in South Tyrol if you are a resident of another country. The Office for Housing Subsidies is responsible for this. It should be noted, however, that in the event of a permit you also undertake to move your place of residence back to South Tyrol within a certain period of time. In addition to the subsidy, because it is your first property in Italy, you also have the option of buying the apartment at the reduced tax rate as your first home. This is usually calculated by the notary. You can also do the EEVE if you live abroad. Since you have to state the income of the previous year with the income, you have to state your foreign income. What is relevant here is the taxable income, i.e. minus any social security contributions. In addition, an amount of 10 percent is deducted for employees. The cost of living abroad, on the other hand, is not taken into account. What is the EEVE The EEVE Uniform Income and Assets Declaration is a declaration of the economic situation that citizens must present in order to apply for benefits or tariff benefits in the social and health sector. What do you need the EEVE for? The most important benefits for which the EEVE has to be submitted are: - State family allowance - State child benefit - Tariff participation for social services (old people's homes, home care, day nurseries, etc.) - Financial welfare benefits - Ticket exemption for the needy - Contributions for curative or prosthetic dental services - Reimbursement for indirect care during hospital stays - Benefits in the area of ​​housing subsidies - Study grants for schoolchildren in South Tyrol who attend a primary, secondary or high school or a full-time vocational training course and outside of the family or in one Day care centers are housed - Study grants for students attending universities or technical colleges - Study grants for basic training in the health sector. Where can the declaration be made? - online - at the tax assistance center of the KVW or other associations. The declaration is free of charge. Rosemarie Mayer South Tyroleans in the world

13 H&W December 2020 INTERNAL 13 Entitlement to a minimum pension in Italy I was born in South Tyrol and have lived abroad for 20 years, ten of them in Great Britain and ten in the United Arab Emirates. According to the current law in Italy, would I receive a minimum pension if I returned to South Tyrol as a pensioner in order to live there permanently? I never paid pension contributions in Italy and was only employed abroad. Could you perhaps tell me the minimum number of years you have to have paid into the pension fund before you are entitled to a pension in Italy? And then you get a minimum pension no matter what your financial situation is, e.g. B. even if you have possessions, or do you have to be 'poor', so to speak? Only those who have paid pension contributions in Italy are entitled to an Italian pension and, if applicable, to a minimum pension. In Italy you have to have 20 years of insurance to be entitled to a pension. These times do not have to have been worked exclusively in Italy (at least one year of which in Italy), but can be cumulated with times from EU countries or countries with bilateral agreements. The payment is made separately for each country, based on the amount and / or the time of the payment. Only people who are resident in Italy and who do not exceed the income limit (i.e. domestic and foreign income, pension, rent) of 6695 euros (for 2020) are entitled to a minimum pension in Italy. In this case, you are entitled to the full minimum pension of 513 euros. With an income of up to EUR, a partial increase of the pension up to the amount of the minimum pension is possible. Luise J. Pörnbacher

14 14 INTERNAL H&W December 2020 Autumn pleasure trip to Friuli Heimat & Welt reading trip together with KVW Reisen n The four days of Heimat & Welt reading trip to Friuli went by very quickly, and that's hardly surprising! Because we were more than impressed by the diversity and unbelievable wealth of this virtually neighboring region. Friuli is rich in history, rich in very different landscapes, be it wide karst areas with colorful autumnal plants and shrubs, wonderful green hills and vineyards in the Collio region, numerous rivers, deep lakes and finally the wide sea, the wonderful bay in which this cosmopolitan city of Trieste is embedded with its mighty palazzi around the Piazza Unità. CLUB CALENDAR Culture and enjoyment were on the agenda of the Heimat & Welt reading trip to Friuli. Visit to Trieste Of course we also strolled briefly on the sunny Molo Audace in the harbor before we changed to the park of the picturesque Miramare Castle, where we followed the lordly footsteps of Maximilian and his wife Charlotte at every turn during the tour. The guided tour of Udine was the start of a very special experience: what a city, what a jewel! For hours, amazed and admiring again and again, we visited and roamed the streets and alleys of the old town, including the wonderful places around the Loggia di Lionello. It was good that we had taken quarters here in this illustrious city, so that we could build in enough time for an evening stroll as well as a final Sunday stroll with the sound of the bells. In a quaint, typically Friulian old town restaurant, we found the former Oliver Bierhoff jersey. Due to the Corona regulations in the individual countries, there are constant changes to the events. If you are interested in participating in club events, please contact the club directly. The contact details can be found on the homepage suedtirolerinderwelt.kvw.org of the wall, which here, where Calcio, i.e. football, can heat up the minds very much, was once celebrated as an absolute star and is unforgettable. Ploden and Gorizia Sappada / Ploden and the Italian-Slovenian border town of Gorizia, with its changeful past, we also visited and learned and learned a lot of new things. Again and again, however, the palate and throats were pampered with culinary specialties from the kitchen and cellar, because the pampering program in terms of stopping off, be it in an agriturismo, a hacienda, even a gigantic winery in Cormins with top wines, including visits to delicious pastry shops, where you never got past the Friulian specialty, the gubana, made us aware again and again that we are on a journey of pleasure. Very enriched, in all disciplines, we returned home gratefully - avoiding the Giro d'italia - via Cortina d'ampezzo and through the Puster Valley. We would like to thank Franco Bernard for the competent, pleasant travel companion and the KVW Reisen team in Bolzano for the perfect organization. > Aloisia Spitaler Photo: Oscar Kiesswetter

15 H&W December 2020 INTERNAL 15 Vineyard hike around Johannisberg Castle South Tyrolean in Hesse n Corona-related we had to cancel all of our events for the first half of the year from February. We left the dates for the second half of the year open. The pandemic situation improved noticeably in summer, and so 17 hikers met in mid-September for an easy hike around Johannisberg Castle. And we found that even from a distance you can exchange information about the knowledge and experiences gained in spring and summer. Hike by far, the Association of South Tyroleans in Hesse has resumed its activities. Located exactly at the 50th parallel, we were accompanied by glorious sunshine through the famous Riesling vineyards. Again and again a view of the Rhine opened up, which presented itself like a lake landscape. The cradle of Riesling is called Schloss Johannisberg and by mistake obstetrics for the late harvest was performed here: in 1775 a courier was delayed with the permission of the Prince Abbot of Fulda to read. The desperately waiting monks of the Johannisberg monastery still pressed the (noble) rotten grapes and produced a wine of exceptional quality, the late harvest. At lunch we preferred to stick to the normally read wines. We were able to get rid of the accumulated calories on the way back and then replenish them in a cozy coffee house near the castle. This was by far the most beautiful hike this year so far. > kmh hike South Tyroleans in Zurich n We have planned a hike to replace the Törggelen with the Südbaden association. This led us above Lake Zurich from the Pfannenstiel near Meilen ZH to Hombrechtikon and back. Ten members were there along with Franz Kasseroler, who organized and carried out everything. We took the bus from the bus station up to the Pfannenstiel for miles. Then we started the hike. The route led us along the high-altitude hiking trail along the Scheideweg above Lake Zurich to Hombrechtikon. A very easy to walk path through the forest and meadows with little incline. From time to time we could admire Lake Zurich and the Glarus Alps between little rain and a few rays of sunshine.In between we took a short break and treated ourselves to some refreshment from the backpack. After two hours of walking we reached the small restaurant Schützenstübli - Hombi (Bäsebeizli), which was reserved for us for lunch. Well-fed and in a good mood, we went for about 45 minutes on the hike above Lake Zurich to the Hombrechtikon bus station. We took the bus back to Meilen via Stäfa Männedorf. From here the participants went home by public transport or by car. > Franz Kasseroler

16 PORTRAIT I am a convinced European Kurt Dejori, vascular surgeon in Fürstenfeldbruck n Kurt Dejori from Welschnofen has fulfilled his childhood dream and is a surgeon with passion. With a lot of empathy he supports his patients on their way of healing. What made you decide to go abroad? Dejori: Early on, in middle school, I made the decision to become a surgeon. The reason for doing the surgical training abroad was, besides the young wanderlust, the fact that there were few such positions close to home at that time and there was no official support for them. Kurt Dejori helped set up vascular surgery as a new department at the Fürstenfeldbruck Clinic. His main focus is on chronic circulatory disorders in the pelvic and leg arteries, diabetic foot syndrome, venous diseases and, among other things, operates on the narrowing of the carotid artery. was actually never completely gone, I didn't feel any revolutionary changes. Of course, the world did not stand still in South Tyrol with all its positive but also negative consequences of globalization. In any case, South Tyrol has become more diverse in many areas. Do you still feel like a South Tyrolean? How would you describe your identity today? Dejori: I will always feel like a South Tyrolean. A centuries-old cultural heritage, open borders and freedom of establishment have also made me a staunch European. Published monthly (conv. In Ges. Nr. 46 vom) Art. 1, Abs. 2, DCB Bozen Poste Italiane spa - Dispatch with postal subscription - G.D. No. 353/2004 What made you stay abroad? What is your experience? Dejori: I am happy to have received a solid and specialized surgical training in the many years abroad, in addition I have a lot of lovely and interesting people Internship KH Bozen, emergency physician, air rescue, assistant physician for cardiac and thoracic surgery, Kaiserslautern, assistant physician for visceral surgery, trauma surgery, vascular surgery, Karlsruhe - training as a specialist in surgery, vascular surgery, emergency medicine, senior physician, vascular surgery, Neustadt, senior physician, visceral and vascular surgery, Fürstenfeldbruck - since 2013 married, met two children. About ten years ago I considered moving to South Tyrol, but unfortunately the career prospects were not comparable. In addition, my wife and children were firmly integrated into work and school here, and in 2013 I was offered the opportunity to set up an independent vascular surgery department at the Fürstenfeldbruck Clinic. This attractive task, the good quality of life in the Munich area, but also the opportunity to be in South Tyrol in a few hours, have not made me regret this decision so far. What has changed in South Tyrol (since you left)? Dejori: Since I am undeliverable due to the regular visits to South Tyrol, please return to: For Germany: Association of South Tyrolean Associations in the Federal Republic of Germany c / o INVIA Köln e.v. Stolzestraße 1a D Cologne What do you wish for the future of South Tyrol? Dejori: I would like South Tyrol to have a healthy balance of innovative cosmopolitanism and adherence to its identity and tradition. In both the private and the public sector, I would like to see more sustainable thinking and action, especially with regard to tourism and climate protection. We should appreciate the beauty of South Tyrol even more and preserve it.