Why does love cause physical pain

biochemistry What is happening in our body?


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A lump in the throat, tears that flow unrestrained, a drawing in the stomach and stitches in the heart. Lovesickness is a condition that you want to overcome as quickly as possible. But how? There is no panacea for broken hearts. But what happens in our body can be explained.

Status: 07/15/2019

In contrast to the emotional chaos, the physical symptoms are rationally understandable. According to neurologists, our state of mind is influenced by biochemical control molecules. When we fall in love, our brain increasingly releases the so-called happiness hormone dopamine. If the loved one separates from us, the dopamine level drops and with it our mood. Mild depression occurs. The heartache is there.

Why grief robs us of strength

Scientists say that lovesickness not only deprives us of the body's own feel-good substances, it also leads to physical reactions that cause heartbreak. When we are suddenly abandoned, a world collapses for us. Everything is out of control and we don't know what to expect in the future. Inner stress spreads. Medicine explains what happens then: our body needs a lot of energy in order to survive the stress. He receives this for a short time from the stimulating hormone adrenaline, which is replaced over time by cortisol. Cortisol is weaker, but it has more stamina than adrenaline and triggers unimagined forces in our body. If these forces are not sufficiently reduced, which is often the case with lovesickness, we become powerless. If the phases of stress persist for a long time, which is common in the first few weeks of separation, physical complaints such as chest pain arise.

Why we cry when we are lovesick

Our psyche is exposed to an interplay of hormones. The new situation overwhelms us, triggers stress in us and blocks mind and body. The tears we then cry are an immediate reaction of the body to too much stress. When we cry, we reduce this stress.

Addiction experts have found that drug addiction and love play in the same areas of the brain. Addicts and lovers have emotional highs, suffer from insomnia, and experience heart palpitations. If the partner leaves, the body is suddenly deprived of the signal stimulus to produce certain happiness hormones. The abandoned person then has withdrawal symptoms, similar to a smoker whose cigarette is taken away. The hormonal state of emergency that we fall into with heartbreak does not last forever, the pain subsides, and at least the body slowly gets used to a life without the drug 'love'.