Computer web design is the best job
Anyone can develop simple websites today, thanks to the modular tools of large hosting providers. This may be sufficient for small craft businesses that primarily need a presence on the Internet. Otherwise, websites are complex applications through which users access databases and thus trigger or control entire production processes, the content of which is compiled as required and which run responsively on all possible mobile devices. Web developers must therefore keep an eye on the full stack, i.e. not only build frontends, but also program the link with the backend.
The field of responsibility of a website developer
"Above all, you should want to solve problems and enjoy programming," says Samuel Boguslawski, describing the qualities that you should bring with you if you want to become a web developer. He is a full stack web developer at a startup in Berlin. "A lot of the time web developers are concerned with figuring out why code isn't working. Sometimes you need real perseverance and not get frustrated."
The reason: a website is never finished. Even when the front end is in place and the most important functions receive the required data from the back end, there will be constant expansions. After all, behind the digitization of business are digital processes. "A web developer is constantly busy with changes and additions to the website and the attached systems," is how the developer describes his day-to-day work. "We have so many ideas that we can't even implement them all." Many companies therefore employ several web developers or supplement their team with freelancers.
Computer science or software engineering as the basis
For Raffaela Rein, founder and managing director of CareerFoundry, a European online training platform for professional technology and digital training, web developers currently occupy a central position in the IT industry. "There is no degree or something similar to become a web developer," is how she describes the lack of standardized training opportunities. "A good basis can be a degree in computer science or software engineering. But training as a media designer specializing in digital media and media technology also provides a solid basis."
Building on this, she recommends taking a course with professional guidance in order to acquire the various basic techniques. Of course, it is possible to teach yourself the necessary knowledge on an autodidactic basis. However, according to Rein, a course has the advantage that the know-how is structured and all the necessary areas are covered. As an autodidact you run the risk of getting bogged down with this complex topic. At CareerFoundry, course participants are accompanied by mentors. These ensure that the learners achieve the goal of "Web Developer". But the doors to web development are also open to career changers. Developer Boguslawski, for example, first studied music before, as he says, he decided to "do something creative that can also be used to make money". The profession is also well suited to being freelance or part-time.
Labor market with a job guarantee
"Many companies are urgently looking for well-trained web developers and can hardly find them," says Anais Bourg, career coach at the online training platform, describing the current situation on the job market. The job market chances of the graduates are therefore so good that even a job guarantee can be given. On average, new web developers would need three months to find a job. Most employers, however, require a certificate and, if possible, work samples. It is therefore helpful to take on smaller jobs early on, for example from family or friends. You can gain experience and expand your portfolio.
- UI / UX designer & developer
There is strong demand for designers and developers for user experience and user interfaces (UX / UI) - they help make software interfaces work as intuitively as possible.
- Full-stack web & product developer
- Network technician
Network technicians will also be in great demand in the coming year - they are the basis for digital business of all kinds.
- IT security expert
One area that is in high demand is that of security experts - there is already a huge shortage of skilled workers here. The situation will worsen in the coming years - worldwide.
- Mobile developer
- Business analyst
Business analysts will play a major role in the IT labor market in 2016 - companies are looking for them to act as intermediaries between the IT department and business decision-makers in order to position their IT projects strategically and procedurally well.
- IT project manager
Rising IT spending and frozen innovation budgets are increasing the demand for IT project managers.
- Cloud architect / cloud integration specialist
Due to the general trend towards public cloud infrastructures and the use of hybrid clouds, the cloud computing specialists who set up, integrate and secure clouds are still in high demand.
- Data scientist
The amount of data can hardly be seen - user data, customer data, purchase data, leads, marketing data. Professionals who develop solutions to master this data, to process, analyze and interpret it, will remain in demand in 2016.
- CMS specialist
So that they can adapt their websites, which are often based on WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and TYPO3, and integrate them with their shops, companies ultimately also need experts in content management systems (CMS).
An evaluation of the business network LinkedIn also shows how popular web developers are: At the beginning of the year, the portal analyzed on the pages of its members around the world which skills are particularly in demand. The "Web Architecture and Development Frameworks" category landed in the top ten of the "Hottest Skills on LinkedIn", as did "Mobile Development" and "User Interface Design", some of the specialist disciplines in web development.
"Before you decide to become a web developer, you should check with free tutorials and first small test projects whether programming suits you," recommends Boguslawski. Otherwise, in his opinion, almost anyone can learn web development, even without a computer science degree behind them.
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