Have you ever been to California?
Los Angeles - the city of stars and millionaires
City of Angels, City of Flowers and Sunshine, La La Land, Southland or The Big Orange - the largest city in the US state of California has many names and many more facets to discover. Located on the Pacific Ocean and the Los Angeles River, it is the second largest city in the United States with almost 4 million inhabitants (2014) after New York City and before Chicago and is 17th among the world's metropolitan regions.
Table of Contents
Los Angeles is home to the stars | A network of highways connects individual places | Location and Climate of the City of Flowers and Sunshine | Air pollution a big problem | Tickets for attractions and activities | Leaders in the US - Economy and Infrastructure | Attractions for tourists in Los Angeles | Hotels, Apartments and Vacation Rentals | Beaches in and around Los Angeles | "The City of Angels" - a journey into history
Hollywood | Beaches | Universal Studios Hollywood
But of course it is above all its importance for the film and television industry that attracts people from all over the world to the City of Angels (“los angeles”) every year.
In Los Angeles, the transitions between the real city, the illusory world and the film set are blurred. Again and again you pause and wonder whether what you are seeing is real or whether a movie scene is being shot. One often has the impression that one has already been here because well-known sights such as the Griffith Observatory, known from films like "Transformers" and "Terminator", seem so familiar. Or one feels reminded of a scene from the "Three Question Marks", which their cases also solved in and around Los Angeles from the fictional coastal town of Rocky Beach.
Los Angeles is home to the stars
But LA isn't just Hollywood and Beverly Hills, it's not just home to stars like Bridget Fonda, Jodie Foster, Angelina Jolie, Marylin Monroe, Gwyneth Paltrow, Leonardo DiCaprio or the Olsen twins, it's also economic, cultural and Business center of California with numerous universities, colleges, research institutes, theaters and museums and the world's largest location for the aircraft and space industry.
And sadly, it's also the most polluted city in the United States and has a high crime rate. Gang crime in particular is a big issue in the city and ensures that certain districts should be avoided, especially at night.
A network of highways connects individual places
Los Angeles is divided into 15 districts, some of which are isolated from one another and often even separated from one another by walls and fences. In these population groups often stay to one another and many of the districts have their very own character and their own center, such as Long Beach, Santa Ana, Anaheim, Pasadena or downtown “Downtown Los Angeles”. All in all, the urban area of L. A. extends over an area of 1290.6 km², which is divided into 1214.9 km² of land and 75.7 km² of water. A system of expressways connects the urban area, which extends 71 kilometers in a north-south direction and 47 kilometers in an east-west direction.
Location and climate of the City of Flowers and Sunshine
Downtown and the suburbs of Los Angeles are on average around 100 meters above sea level. To the west and south, the city borders on the Bay of Santa Monica on the Pacific Ocean, and to the east and north it is surrounded by mountain ranges. There, in the north, is also the San Fernando Valley, in which about a third of the residents live in single-family homes, and which is cut off from Hollywood and downtown by Griffith Park and the Santa Monica Mountains.
Los Angeles has a subtropical climate that is cooled down a bit by the winds coming from the Pacific. In summer there are usually temperatures between 22 and 25 degrees Celsius during the day, with the months of July and August being the warmest. Almost all of the annual precipitation, which averages 305 millimeters, falls from November to March. January is the coldest with an average of 13.2 degrees Celsius. At night, temperatures usually drop by around 10 degrees. Every few years the Santa Ana winds cause pronounced heat waves, with temperatures of over 40 degrees being reached and often extensive forest and bush fires. In addition, there is a fundamental risk of earthquakes in Los Angeles. Due to the different mountain ranges in the urban area, the climate can be very different depending on where you are. For example, it is often several degrees warmer in the San Fernando Valley.
Air pollution is a big problem
Los Angeles is the city with the greatest density of vehicles in the world and anyone who wants to get from A to B here definitely needs time and good nerves. But car and industrial emissions, especially inland traffic, are also an urgent environmental problem. LA, which ironically stood for good health and a clean environment in the 19th century, is now one of the cities with the greatest pollution worldwide. The concentration of pollutants is highest in morning and evening rush hour traffic, the photochemical smog reaches its highest concentration around noon. Cough, eye irritation, headache and lung irritation in parts of the population are the result.
While steps have been taken to address this problem since the early 1980s, Greater Los Angeles is still the area that releases the largest amount of toxic gases into the atmosphere in the country. Air pollution is not only a problem for the city itself, but also threatens more distant mountain lakes and the snow-capped regions of the Sierra Nevada. In addition, the forest dying there is attributed to her.
Tickets for attractions and activities
Tickets for sights and activities in Los Angeles can be found at www.getyourguide.de.
Leaders in the US - Economy and Infrastructure
The Californian metropolis is a leading center in the fields of manufacturing, trade, transportation and finance. It is the world's largest location for the aircraft and space industry and an important center for cinema, radio, television and music productions. It is home to companies like 20th Century Fox, DreamWorks SKG, Paramount Pictures, The Walt Disney Company, Warner Bros., Mattel, Activision, ICAAN, the Hilton hotel chain, and many NASA laboratories and research centers, to name a few. Tourism also plays an important role.
Los Angeles has a well-developed network of interstate and interstate highways that connect the city with all major cities in the country. Especially within California, the intercity bus service, z. B. About the Greyhound Lines, a great deal of importance. L.A. is an important rail hub and has numerous airports. The largest is Los Angeles International Airport, also known as IATA. In addition, the port of Los Angeles is the largest center for passenger ship travel on the west coast of the USA and the port in San Pedro Bay is North America's largest container port.
Attractions for tourists in Los Angeles
Los Angeles itself is not considered a particularly beautiful sight. Nevertheless, numerous sights await there. We have put together a selection of the attractions that await you in the City of Angels here.
Hotels, apartments and holiday homes
Find hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in Los Angeles at www.booking.com.
If you travel to Los Angeles, there is no avoiding film and television
When you think of Los Angeles, you think of Hollywood and film studios first. Both can be seen during a vacation.
Universal Studios Hollywood
Universal Studios is Universal's first theme park and was initially just the starting point for the Studio Tour, during which visitors were able to take a look behind the scenes of the film studio. Today they are a theme park with numerous attractions. The main attraction, however, is still the Studio Tour, which takes 45 minutes through various film sets, such as B. Jurassic Park, Spider-Man or King Kong leads. The "Universal Studios Hollywood" at Universal City Plaza are a must for every visitor.
Paramount Pictures Studios
The Paramount Pictures Studios are the last major film studio in Hollywood and also the one that has been in operation for the longest. Simple guided tours with eight visitors each in an electrically powered vehicle are offered there. In Paramount we are still actively working, which means every tour is different and apart from the affiliated museum there is no program specially for tourists. The tour takes about two hours and you can also take photos here.
Warner Bros. Studio
The Warner Bros. Studio in Burbank is particularly interesting for fans of television series such as "Emergency Room", "Gilmore Girls" or "Friends", which are or were shot here. About half of the tour time of over two hours is on the tour bus, the rest of the time you can visit locations from the inside. The visit is allowed from the age of 8 years, photography is not allowed here.
Whoever visits LA must of course also go to Hollywood. There are various guided tours such. B. offered to the homes of the rich and famous. In addition, you can of course visit the “Walk of Fame”, the world-famous “Hollywood Sign” and the “TCL Chinese Theater” and stroll down Hollywood Boulevard.
But the numerous museums in the metropolis are also worth a visit
The world of nature
Natural History Museum
The city's natural history museum is especially interesting for dinosaur fans. Because in the "Dinosaur Hall" over 300 real fossils, including 20 complete skeletons and the world's only growth series of the Tyrannosaurus Rex await the visitors. You can also watch the paleontologists at work in the “Dino Lab”, “meet” dinosaurs and marvel at many other exhibits, from mastodons to whales and an extensive collection of diamonds. The history of Los Angeles has also found its place in the museum.
The La Brea Tar Pits and the Page Museum
In Hancock Park in the middle of Los Angeles there are various pits which are filled with natural asphalt and which represent one of the most extensive treasuries for fossils, especially from the Pleistocene. Around 300 different animal species from the imperial mammoth to the Californian pocket mouse as well as numerous pollen, seeds and plants have already been found here. Some of the finds are exhibited in the attached George C. Page Museum.
For those interested in art
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
The Los Angeles County Museum is the largest museum in the United States west of Chicago and houses around 130,000 works of art from ancient times to the present, including many exhibits from American, Islamic, and Korean art. It is located on Wilshire Boulevard in Hancock Park and borders La Brea. The area covers around 81,000 square meters.
The Getty Center
The art museum in west Los Angeles has housed around 50,000 mostly classic works of art, such as paintings, sculptures, drawings, manuscripts and photographs, since 1997. It is the largest part of the J. Paul Getty Museum, supplemented by other scientific institutions.
This is a private museum for contemporary art with around 2000 works.
Museum of Contemporary Art
Also a contemporary art museum. The building in downtown Los Angeles houses works by Franz Kline, Mark Rothko, Robert Rauschenberg and Claes Oldenburg, among others.
For technology fans
California Science Center
The California Science Center is the largest interactive science center on the West Coast and is home to many aircraft, manned and unmanned spaceships, and an IMAX cinema. Since the end of 2012, NASA's “Endeavor” space shuttle can also be seen there.
The Nethercutt Collection
Those interested will find numerous elaborately restored classic cars in this car collection.
And that shouldn't be missed either
Griffith Park and Griffith Observeratory
The Griffith Observatory is located 300 meters above sea level in Griffith Park and is not only worth a visit for its scientific exhibits and the planetarium, but also for its fantastic views. There you can see from the center of Los Angeles to the Santa Monica Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
The Original Farmers Market
The Los Angeles Farmers Market is a permanent market where groceries and culinary offerings can be purchased. There the interested can test all possible international cuisines. The Farmers Market, which has existed since 1934, is one of the most important shopping centers in Los Angeles and has now become a real tourist attraction. In 2002 it was expanded to include the open-air shopping center “The Grove at Farmers Market”. Experience shopping is a top priority there and after a ride on a classically designed tram, customers can expect, among other things, also lots of free attractions.
Beaches in and around Los Angeles
Anyone who goes on a city tour sometimes just needs time to relax and unwind. There are many beautiful beaches for this, especially in the west. The Pacific near Los Angeles does not always have a bathing temperature, but most of the year the climate is so warm that you can at least venture a short excursion into the cool water.
When you go to Santa Monica, you first feel like you're at a fair. In addition to the beach and the sea, a Ferris wheel, a wild mouse and a branch of the “Bubba Gump Shrimp” chain, known from Forrest Gump, await visitors there. However, it is usually very crowded on the approximately two-mile-long beach, people lie close together and vendors are on the move between them who want to sell their goods. You can cycle or jog on the paved path and only a few meters away is the 3rd Street Promenade, which invites you to go shopping.
Venice Beach is the "muscle beach". There you can find the bodybuilders who pump up their muscles, even if the machines have definitely seen better days. Here it is worth strolling along the boardwalk, watching people train, watching the hustle and bustle and see what the souvenir sellers and street performers have to offer there. You can also surf at Venice Beach, but there are better areas for surfers, such as Surfrider Beach.
As the name suggests, surfers can be found here. In Malibu, surfing starts early in the morning at the pier or a few hundred meters north. However, many locals simply use the time before work for a relaxing stroll on the beach.
El Matador State Beach
About ten miles north of Malibu with many rocks and small caves and a breathtaking sunset is El Matador State Beach, which is a true El Dorado for romantics. However, anyone who thinks they are undisturbed there is wrong. Day after day, numerous lovers cavort here who look at the sunset together, but also many photographers who want to capture this for eternity.
Marina Beach and Mother’s Beach
Most of the beaches around Los Angeles are less suitable for children. Exceptions are Marina and Mother’s Beach, where the water is shallow and even small children can play well in the water. There is also a large children's playground here.
Will Rogers State Beach
Will Rogers State Beach is actually a beach like any other. However, he does not have his nickname "Ginger Rogers" for nothing. This is where the gay scene is especially to the west of Lifeguard Station 18, so that you mainly see men here.
About an hour south of Venice Beach is Dana Point, an idyllic place with a small but fine beach, for all those who want to take great photos on the one hand and enjoy a little peace on the other.
"The City of Angels" - a journey into history
The first European in the area of what is now Los Angeles was Juan Rodríguez in 1542, who claimed the land for Spain. However, it was not settled for a long time. It was not until 1771 that Spanish Franciscan monks founded the “San Gabriel” mission near Whittier Narrow, from which the settlement of the region gradually progressed.
The community of Los Angeles was founded on September 4, 1781 with 44 settlers at that time by the Spanish governor Felipe de Neve as El Pueblo de la Reine de Los Ángeles ("The village of the Queen of Angels") on the territory of the Tongva indigenous people. The name was later shortened to Los Angeles ("The Angels"). At that time mainly cattle breeding was practiced.
In 1821 Los Angeles was conquered by Mexico
But the situation in California also caused turbulence. Los Angeles was conquered by Mexico in 1821, but again occupied by the Americans and annexed to the USA during the Mexican-American War between 1846 and 1848.The gold rush that began in 1848 did the rest for the growth of the village, which was granted town charter on April 4, 1850 with a population of 1610 at the time and profited from the sale of food to the prospectors.
From 1869 onwards, the railroad was an important engine of development for the next few decades. In addition, there was coal production from 1890 and, shortly afterwards, oil production. In 1923, a quarter of the world's oil was produced in Los Angeles. The film people came to LA from 1910 and contributed to the meteoric boom in the city and the area.
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