On which continent is Armenia
Travel agency - Armenian Travel Bureau -
Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a mountainous country in Eurasia with no direct access to the sea. It is located in the South Caucasus between the Black and Caspian Seas. Culturally, historically and politically, Armenia is seen as part of Europe. Nevertheless, its location in the South Caucasus means that the country can also be seen as a state on the assumed border between Europe and Asia, i.e. as a nation in the transition of the continents.
With one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Armenia was also called Hayo and later Hayastan. This name was derived from the ancestors of all Armenians, the Hayk. Armenia is one of the oldest countries in the world as it has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It is considered to be the Biblical Garden of Eden.
The republic covers 29,743 square kilometers (about the size of Belgium or the state of Brandenburg) of a mountainous country, which extends around the Ararat valley, the real heart of Armenia since biblical times. Ancient geographers called the Armenian highlands a mountain island. In fact, the average altitude of the country is over 1,800 meters.
Armenia borders Georgia to the north, Turkey to the west and south-west, Azerbaijan to the east and south-west, and Iran to the far south.
The highest mountain, Mount Ararat with a height of 5092 m, is located in Turkey and dominates the regional landscape, the psyche and the character of the Armenians. It symbolizes the longings of this little people. . The mountain Aragats with a height of 4092 m is the highest mountain within the national borders. This mountain with its four peaks is accessible to most mountaineers and nature lovers. The deepest point in Armenia in the valley of the Araks River measured at 390 meters. The Ararat Plain is divided by the Araks River and is located in the southwestern part of Armenia.
Lake Sevan is the largest body of water in Armenia and covers about 5% of the country's area. This is a mysterious lake that relaxes and purifies you and inspires you. Thanks to his unique outlook, he gives you a feeling of harmony, beauty and stimulation. Mythical and majestic, this lake fills a huge depression at an altitude of 2000 meters in the center of Armenia. In ancient times, the name of the lake was Geghama. The Sevan Plain is rich in archaeological and historical monuments, some claim that the lake was formed in the crater of an extinct volcano.
The rivers of Armenia all flow into two large waterways of the South Caucasus, into the plains of the Kura River in the north and into the Araks River in the south, i.e. the Akhurian, Hrazdan, Kazakh, Vokhchi, Arpa, and Vorotan rivers flow into the Araks, the Debet rivers and Agshtev in the Kura River.
The country itself is rich in minerals and precious stones. The first bronze and iron melts were found in this country. Metalworking made it possible to form powerful ethnic groups that control trade between the powers of the West, Mesopotamia and Asia. The soil is mountainous and stony, but a system of rivers, lakes and groundwater basins made it possible to develop extensive agriculture on fertile soils very early on.
Of the ten most important geographical zones in the world, seven are in Armenia, including large areas of forests, oak, pine and elm, alpine alpine meadows, swamps, deserts and fertile farmland.
Only a third of the area of Armenia can be used for agriculture and this part is literally blossoming from the enormous and continuous efforts of this able people. That is the reason why there is a saying: “The Armenians still squeeze bread out of stones”.
List of the highest mountains
Aragats - 4,090 m
Kaputdjugh - 3,906 m
Ajdahak - 3,598 m
Mets Ishkhanasar - 3,549 m
Vardenis - 3,522 m
List of the longest rivers in Armenia
Araks - on Armenian territory - 158 km (total length 1072 km)
Akhurian - 186km on Armenian territory
Vorotan - on Armenian territory 119km (total length 179km)
Debed - on Armenian territory 152km (total length 178km
Hrazdan - in Armenian territory 141km
Aghstev - on Armenian territory 99km (total length 133km)
The main lakes in Armenia
Sevan - 1,256 square kilometers (1,897m above sea level)
Akna - 0.5qkm (3,030 m above sea level)
Arpi - 22qkm (2025 m above sea level)
Sev - 2.0 square kilometers (2666m above sea level)
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