## Compound sentences

### 1. Definition of compound sentences

We refer to the connection of several main clauses as sentence connection. The main clauses stand side by side on an equal footing and are connected to one another by a co-ordinating conjunction.

• The weather was fine, but Max stayed home.
• The streets were empty. It was dark in the city.
• The connection was bad. They could communicate well.
• It was very hot. We needed sunscreen.
• therefore, but, but, but, and, anyway
• After Hans reached the house, he was shown into a dark room. It was furnished with valuable furniture. The carpets were brightly colored and there were old paintings on the walls.
• First you pick up the can. Then spread the whipped cream on the cake.
• Insert the CD. Then the program starts automatically.
• You see, when two main clauses are connected with each other, one main clause is not part of the other, but the clauses are equivalent. They form a series of sentences.

### 2. Conjunctions for compound sentences

Coordinating conjunctions are responsible for connecting main clauses.

Some have hidden from you vertically and horizontally. Find these and write them down!

 X A. L. S. O A. E. L. J U O S. K B. G S. O N D. E. R. N D. K H E. D. A. T R. O T Z D. E. M. R. R. E. S. O W. I. E. I. K R. L. M. D. N D. E. S. H A. L. B. P A. S. O N D. E. R. N S. D. O C. H

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### 3. Exercises

Connect the main clauses with the appropriate conjunction! Don't forget to put a comma if necessary.

________________________

________________________

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Here the conjunctions have been reversed! Write down the sentence connections with the appropriate conjunctions!

 Maria eats spaghetti went home proud. The runner didn't give up Markus eats ice cream. It is cold he went to school. Petra won he fought to the end. He had no desire she finds nothing to wear. The closet is full we dress warmly.

### 4. Solutions to the exercises

To 2

but, because, but, and, anyway, therefore, or, well, as well as, but, nevertheless

To 3

The streets were empty and it was dark in the city.
The connection was bad, but they could communicate well.
It was very hot so we needed sunscreen.

Maria eats spaghetti, but Marcus eats ice cream.
The runner did not give up, but fought to the end.
It's cold, so we dress warmly.
Petra won and proudly went home.
He didn't feel like it, but he went to school anyway.
The closet is full, but she can't find anything to wear.

How sentences become texts

1. Definition of text

In the previous chapters, we have dealt with the question of how words become sentences. We had found that not every random sequence of words can be called a sentence. It is the same with texts.

Note: We do not call every random sequence of sentences a text. But every text is a series of sentences.

Texts are sequences of sentences that are related to each other. They are structured logically.

Example:

As you can see, the sentences relate to each other.

2. Sentence relationships

Sentences can be related to one another in terms of time and logic.

temporal relationship:

logical relationship:

• Robots make our work easier. That's why they're so popular.
• The snow melted. This caused flooding in several areas.
• The second sentence is the justification for the first sentence.

The first sentence here shows us the reason for the event in the second sentence.

The following text is mixed up. Arrange the sentences!

1. Peter goes for a walk with his dog Pfiffi, because he likes to do that.

When he gets home, Peter first feeds his dog and then makes himself something for dinner.

In the park, Peter throws a stick.

Hence, they play it for quite a while.

Then he brings it back to Peter.

And the dog runs after the stick.

But then Peter notices that Pfiffi is getting tired.

This game is fun for both of us.

That's why they both go home again.

3rd solution

Peter goes for a walk with his dog, Pfiffi, because he likes to do that.
In the park, Peter throws a stick.
And the dog runs after the stick.
Then he brings it back to Peter.
This game is fun for both of us.
Hence, they play it for quite a while.
But then Peter notices that Pfiffi is getting tired.
That's why they both go home again.
When he gets home, Peter first feeds his dog and then makes something for himself for dinner.

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