What is the importance of skin care

Definition Skin care includes cleansing the skin as well as measures that support the natural functions of the skin. In a broader sense, preventive measures such as protection against excessive sun exposure are also part of skin care. Skin care is part of body care and also includes intimate care and nail care.

The skin is colonized by various bacteria that break down the secretions of the sebum and sweat glands. This creates acids that cause the skin's pH to be between 5 and 6.5. This protects the skin from bacteria that need an alkaline environment to grow. One also speaks of the protective acid mantle of the skin. Care products with a slightly acidic pH value are called skin-neutral.

Daily washing with soap will temporarily damage this protective coating. Healthy skin rebuilds it within two hours. With sensitive skin, cold, intense sun exposure, unsuitable soaps and care products and with excessive skin care, the protective coat can be permanently disturbed. Moisture and acid are removed from the skin, making it easier for pathogens to penetrate. Inflammation and infection develop.

Changes in the skin can also be a symptom of a disease. Therefore, the observation of the skin in the context of personal hygiene is an important part of the patient observation. Skin diseases and rashes require special care measures: a damp or very weeping rash is kept dry with solutions and mixtures, skin that is too dry and cracked is treated with ointments and creams containing uric acid, for example, and in the case of inflammation, the doctor can prescribe ointments containing cortisone.

In addition to the health aspects of skin care, the cosmetic ones play an important role. Looking good not only promotes your own well-being, but also increases attractiveness and social recognition.