What is Amos Lee's vocal range

Lexicon of Pop & Rock Music


A comprehensive one

Basic information in 3000 drawers
by Bruce Bruckmoser & Peter Wulff

© Peter Wulff, Graphics & Typography, Frontenhausen.

The 2014 edition with 3000 entries, approx. 1500 of which have been revised, is online free of charge. And in 2015 very fresh - the new edition continues for a whole year, again considerably revised:

e-Book: as of February 2015 to be ordered here. Several corrections (Black Metal!) Or new entries from Udo Jürgens to Nickelback to Joe Zwainul from the two main authors Bruckmoser / Wulff. Years, reunions, links - the current status for everyone who likes it completely in your desired file format.

Printed book edition from 1996: with over 2000 entries, ISBN 3-9804816-2-X Ebr. - Order here

The rampant terms “popular” music and “rock music” make it difficult for any listener to find an overview of the history and existence of this music. But even an expert can no longer overlook every current trend and its rapidly new subdivisions as well as every historical, often absurd, influence.
This is where this lexicon helps. The newcomer can understand what is “in” or why it was once like this. Experts should be able to roughly assess even the most remote areas.
That is why we have made as many entries as possible and have made significant additions to this issue - as always, keywords on the fringes of pop and rock events. We leave encyclopedic details to further literature and the marketing strategists of the record industry. This music lexicon would like to counteract the Babylonian confusion of language and terminology between these two groups in a structured way.
If the listener finds himself facing advertising slogans and subjectivisms in this lexicon, it can be considered a success. We tried hard. We apologize for errors and ask for remedial action.
Have fun


b bass
f flute
g guitar
d Drums (drums and usually other rhythm instruments)
h Harmonica (harmonica)
k keyboards (any electronic or acoustic keyboard instrument)
l Lyrics (lyrics)
p piano (piano or grand piano)
perc percussion (percussion instruments)
s saxophone
t trumpet
v vocals
from violin (violin)

A capella Music that consists only of singing voices and can also imitate instruments (Scat, Louis Armstrong); E.g. with the "Comedian Harmonists" from Germany in the 30s.

A fine frenzy Real name: Alison Sudol. The self-composed piano ballad "Almost Lover" with a slightly fragile "Eva Cassidy" color made the music world sit up and take notice in 2008, but the trained pianist did not achieve any further hits after that.

A flock of seagulls Melodic New Wave / Pop from the 80s ("I ran").

A * teens Swedish teen quartet, which from 1998 found grateful buyers with extremely unoriginal ABBA cover songs that were mercilessly ironed on the disco. Later own compositions in the same sound garb were ignored by the public with exceptions ("Upside Down", 2000).

A tribe called Quest Hip Hop has been influential since the end of the 80s through lyrical, thoughtful lyrics, relatively funky.

Aha Norwegian trio in the mid-80s with initially demanding, slightly melancholic and imaginative pop to a dumpling singing voice ("Take on me" 1985 with sensational video). Reformed with great success at the end of the 90s.

Aaliyah The American all-rounder with the delicate soul voice was celebrated from the mid-1990s for her relaxed and subtly orchestrated R&B anthems such as “Try Again”, “We Need A Resolution” and “More Than A Woman”. Her music and acting career ("Romeo Must Die") ended with her sudden death in 2001 as a result of a plane crash.

Aaron, Lee (v) Canadian hard rock lady who started out close to heavy metal in the 80s, was successful and bobbed meaninglessly in the mainstream in the 90s.

AB / CD Parody band on AC / DC in the 90s.

ABBA Swedish quartet founded in the early 1970s. Mega successful with accurately arranged pop and very easy-catchy melodies (two composers) and sing-along vocal harmonies (two singers): "Waterloo", "Dancing Queen", "Money, Money, Money", "The Winner Takes It All" and many more Further. After the dissolution at the beginning of the 80s, individual musicians attempted solo careers (“Frida”) or as musical composers (“Chess”).

ABC English pop trio in the 80s, became a soul- and synthesizer-oriented duo in the 90s (“When Smokey sings”).

Abdul, Paula The American took off at the end of the 80s with snappy and perfectly produced synthetic pop, including an unmistakable R&B influence. “Straight Up” in 1988 and “Opposites Attract” in 1989 were among the deservedly excellent pop highlights of the time. Later she concentrated on her work as a choreographer.

Abercrombie, John Modern American jazz guitarist who likes to play single notes more than chords.

Abraham's, Mick After leaving Jethro Tull, the guitarist and singer remained loyal to the jazzy / bluesy twisted hard rock; 1969/70 with the brass band "Blodwyn Pig".

Falling racing pigeons German fun punk duo in the 80s, a little more serious as a trio in the 90s.

Down German aggressive-depressive, partly socially critical punk band from the 80s (“The first time always hurts”, something New Deutsche Welle-oriented), which still toured in the mid-90s with a hint of Heavy Metal.

AC / DC Australian band formed in the early 70s. Shaped by the charismatic vocals of Bon Scott and the excessive stage show of guitarist Angus Young, AC / DC brought hard rock straight to the point and with hitherto unknown severity; Immensely successful at the end of the 70s / beginning of the 80s and a role model for countless bands in the genre ("Highway to Hell" `79). After Scott's death in 1980 with singer Brian Johnson, successful continuation of the career slightly heavy metal-ajar ("Back in Black"); also 2000 signs of life: "Stiff upper lip".

AcceptHeavy metal band in the late 70s, comparable to Judas Priest (music) and AC / DC (vocals); the most important German band of the genre in the 80s.

Accuser German thrash metal formation from the 80s. In the 90s slower and with grunt singing similar to Pantera.

Ace of Base from Sweden had great success with light pop to danceable reggae rhythms, first in Europe and later also in America in 1992 (second LP 1996).

Acid HouseHouse with distorted bass lines, strange synthesizer sounds and electronic 4/4 disco beats as a forerunner of techno.

Acid jazz Very vague term that emerged in the house movement from the end of the 80s and can mean purely electronic dance music as well as the use of old Schmalz big band sound and sometimes jazz riffs, but mostly unrecognizable. In summary: danceable, lots of samples, few original instruments.

Acid King Viscous Heavy Metal 2000; also in the singing Black Sabbath close.

Acid rock see Psychedelic Rock.

Adam & Eve A German hit duo that has largely been forgotten today, which captured the German top 10 once in 1975 with the tearful Schmalz ballad "You go away".

Adam and the AntsNew wave-influenced, wooden pop around the singer Adam Ant with a flashy image from the 80s (“Stand and deliver”).

Adams, Bryan (v, g) Very popular Canadian in the 80s and 90s with simple, catchy rock and ballads ("Summer of '69" 1983, "Everything I do (I do for You)" 1993). Archetypal representative of the genre.

Adams, Oleta Slow pop / soul, plays piano (keyboards), debut 1990, hit album: "Circle of One".

Adamski The 1990 hit "Killer", a bass-heavy acid house track with an unmistakable beat, marked the start of his solo career for singer Seal. Producer Adamski, on the other hand, largely sank into oblivion.

Adderley, Cannonball Imaginative jazz saxophonist of hard bop (bebop), among others with Miles Davis.

Adesso Swiss trio (since 1999) with songs sung in Italian, clear, simple grooves, danceable and for singing along.

Goodbye, King Sunny (& his African Beats) At the beginning of the 80s (after the end of the reggae boom) a record company tried the Nigerian, who had been making music since the 60s. His intricate guitar lines on a dense and varied percussion carpet were just as unsuitable as his non-English singing (Yoruba) for smooth pop success and so one has heard less from him since the mid-80s.

Adele In 2010, the British pop and R&B singer collected everything there was to get in terms of awards (including a Grammy) worldwide for her album “21” and hits like “Rolling In The Deep”. Thanks to the powerful and expressive soul voice and the orchestral arrangements, she is considered one of the greatest British talents of all.

Adiemus In 1994, a Delta Air Line advertising spot ensured the chart success of the ethno-title “Adiemus” from the project of the same name. Later, the responsible Welshman Karl Jenkins followed similar Celtic sound carpets with artificial language and choirs.

Admiral Bailey Artist of the ragga muffin in the 90s.

Aerosmith American group around the expressive singer Steven Tyler (with the big face and screeching voice) and the guitarist Joe Perry; compact and memorable. Founded in the early 70s, one of the most successful hard rock bands of their time (“Walk this Way”). Descent through drug problems. Successful, slow comeback from the 80s, still earthy, catchy, rhythmically versatile and not too hard (“Love in an Elevator”).

Doctors, The Funny German punk hits that attracted attention in the 80s with drastic lyrics ("Lullaby", "Claudia"). Since things weren't going so well for Bela B. (“Depp Jones” group) and Farin Urlaub (“King Köng”), the doctors successfully reformed in 1993.

African Bambaataa Illustrious figure from the New York funk and hip hop scene (one of its co-founders through rap and the use of turntables). With his house band "Soulsonics" he has been releasing LPs since the mid-80s.

Afroman The American Afroman became famous in 2001 with the catchy stoner number "Because I Got High". He stayed true to the extremely relaxed, if undemanding style of rap in the following years.

Afro reggae Connection of reggae with its roots in black African music culture; Alpha Blondy, Susi Bilibi.

Agnes Swedish talent show winner from 2005, who has been producing melodic dancepop numbers à la “Cascada” ever since. In this country, “Release Me” (2009) is best known.

Aggrovators, The The dub band from King Tubby until the mid-70s.

Aguilera, Christina The highly talented American with a tremendous vocal volume and range has demonstrated a breathtaking versatility since her pop Lolita debut "Genie In A Bottle" (1999): sex vamp ("Dirrty", 2002), retro chansonette ("Ain´t No Other Man ”, 2006), burlesque dancer (film“ Burlesque ”, 2010). In the course of the permanent image change, however, she recently lacked musical originality.

Air French electronic pop duo that has been tinkering sparingly and sterile since 1998 and, in 2001 (“10 000 Hz Legend”) with elegiac instrumentation and even vocals (modernized Pink Floyd?) Shows great emotions in stark alternation.

Air Liquid Two-person German techno team that has been trying live since 1996 to expand the genre with new sounds.

Air supply Founded in Australia in the late 70s, they had worldwide success until the early 80s with bombastically produced ballad rock (slutty melodies and lyrics about love and its crises), for example with "Making Love (out of Nothin 'at All)" clearly Jim Steinman had a hand in it.

AirforceGinger Bakers (d) Volume 1970.

Akkerman, Jan Dutch guitarist with Focus; Solo also recordings in cultivated to boring pop and jazz.

chord The simultaneous sounding of at least two tones as a harmonious structure.

Akon The American was initially omnipresent on the radio as a solo (“Lonely”, 2005), later mainly as a guest musician (Eminem, 50 Cent, David Guetta, “Pitbull”). Special feature: Quacky singing that is strenuous over the long term.

Acoustic music is generated on unamplified instruments and only processed (e.g. with reverb) on the way of electronic recording (gently?). Acoustic passages are often used for contrast purposes in otherwise electronically generated or alienated music; see also unplugged.

Alberto Y Los Trios Paranoias From the 1970s onwards, England did not attract much attention to parody, sometimes with a Latin touch or with fun punk.

album Until the 1960s, bands / musicians mainly released their works as singles, which the listener could keep in a bulky folder, an album. Then the record companies released the tracks, which were often recorded in different studios and sounded differently, on an LP, now also called a (collective) album. LPs planned and recorded in one piece (pioneer: Frank Sinatra 1955 “In the Wee Small Hours”) or even concept albums did not become standard until the end of the 60s.

Alcatrazz see Graham Bonnet.

Alex Oriental Experience Little oriental rock trio (d, b and saz), mainly known in Germany since the 70s.

Alexander Winner of the first “Deutschland-sucht-den-Superstar-Season” 2003. Klaws lasted a remarkably long time with five top 10 hits (including “Take Me Tonight”, “Behind The Sun”) and typical Bohlenschem Schmalzpop from the keyboard factory on the road to success. Recently switched to musicals.

Alice in Chains Successful band from Seattle between grunge and heavy metal in the 90s; partly very slow and depressed, 1993 also acoustically. Melodic two-part vocal passages (partly nasal, partly rough) and some hits: “Them Bones”, “Would”.

Alien Sex Fiend The 80s underground band between weird / dark and danceable / electronic around the singer Nick Fiend.

Allison, Luther The representative of the modern Chicago blues had developed from a follower to a star of the 90s by his death in 1997 with dynamic singing and guitar playing.

Allman Brothers Band From the late 60s Southern rock and blues band with a rich, multi-layered sound (especially live) around Duane Allman, who later died in an accident (g, v); successful especially in the 70s, then a long dry spell and only in great demand again on stage with guitarists Derek Trucks (now increasingly with his wife, Susan Tedeschi) and Warren Haynes (also vocals, Gov`t Mule).

Almond, Marc English pop singer of the 80s / 90s with a melancholy, soft voice; first hit: “Tainted Love” with Soft Cell, biggest solo hit: “Something's gotten hold of my Heart”.

Alpert, Herb From the 60s light music trumpeter. Up to 69 with the "Tijuana Brass Band" and immensely successful, in the 80s with dance numbers to jazz trumpet.

Alpha Blondy Singer with French lyrics, whose works, despite strong reggae influences, do not deny their African origins. Has continuously defended its place in the Afro-Reggae scene since the early 1980s.

Alphaville German electronic pop trio founded in the 80s with catchy, almost hymn-like songs (“Big in Japan”, “Forever Young”); suddenly dark and surprisingly hard in the 90s.

Altamont The festival with more than 300,000 visitors in 1969 initially dampened the euphoria for such major events after Woodstock through organizational chaos, innumerable injuries and three deaths, one of whom was stabbed to death in front of the Rolling Stones during the performance.

Altan The Irish folk band of the 90s, which sounds very fresh despite the traditional way of making music ("Island Angel" 1993). The singer sings mostly in Gaelic.

alternative Smaller, "alternative" record companies or even small subdivisions of large labels support experimental bands that, in contrast to the mainstream, almost always sound a bit weird and often reinterpret a wide variety of music styles. From punk and new wave to grunge and EBM, the term encompasses any rather unusual music, as long as its distribution “alternative” remains small. That doesn't mean, of course, that “alternative” bands wouldn't like to sell more under this label either. The above term is mainly applied to American artists and has been pure hype since Nirvana; Underground means the same thing and independent actually means too.

Amazing blondel Early 70s music based on old English songs and their instruments.

Ambient (House / Techno) Term of the 90s for synthetic dance music of the DJs, which mostly wants to create a trance-like environment slowly, with spherical keyboard sounds and low frequencies.

Ambros, Wolfgang (v, g), Austrian always accompanied by accomplished musicians with melancholy-satirical texts (“Es lebe der Zentralfriedhof” or the parodistic rock opera “Der Watzmann”, diving / Prokopetz). After he still interpreted Dylan songs in German in the 70s, he now tends to be more of a hit.

ambrosia from California, produced by Alan Parsons, made inflated synthesizer pop rock from 1975 to the early 80s.

Amen Corner Superficial English beat group 1967-1970. Singer Andy Fairweather Low has been a soloist since 1971.

America American gentle folk / pop formation in the 70s (hit: “A Horse with no Name”); in the 80s film music for "The Last Unicorn".

Amon Düül Chaotic, psychedelic hippies from Munich, who from 1967 found themselves technically difficult in every respect with English and American models (Krautrock). Only Amon Düül II, as a brave pioneer in the rock-developing country FRG, slowly (from '69) were able to convincingly upgrade their underground music with exotic sounds, mystical texts, hard rock and elements like Pink Floyd, Jefferson Airplane, until it always appeared in the mid-70s towards a more insignificant end. Among others with Chris Karrer (g, left, v), Renate “Toad tail” Knaup (v). 1995 reunion.

Amorphis Scandinavian band of the 90s, coming from Black Metal, with keyboards and Nordic folklore increasingly slower and more moderate.

Amos, Tori American pop artist who became famous in the 90s. Often songs with sparse accompaniment (she plays the piano), vocally soft and capable of modulation; even covers Slayer's “Raining Blood” in 2001!

And one Electronics, Germany 90s, gloomy, close to EBM.

Different, Thomas German, English singing pop singer with Modern Talking since the 80s.

Anderson, Angry Aggressive hard rock singer from Rose Tattoo with solo records since the late 80s.

Anderson, Ian see Jethro Tull.

Anderson, Jon Singer with an extremely high voice, among others with Yes or Vangelis.

Anderson, Laurie (from left to right) Avant-garde lyricist who, after pop-happenings and complex small works of art (1980 "Big Sience"), now also finds herself in the shorter form of individual, gently bizarre songs.

Andre, Peter More than with the summer hit reggae blend “Mysterious Girl” (1995), the Briton became famous above all for his perfectly trained washboard abs and his four-year marriage to Katie Price (whoever that is).

Andrew SistersSchlager-Sing-Sang from America in the 30s / 40s.

Animals In 1962-68 the powerful singer Eric Burdon found an adequate home in the tough British blues rock band ("House of the Rising Sun", "When I was Young").

Anka, Paul changed from teen star to crooner in 1958.

Annihilator Canadian Thrash Metal from the mid-80s ("Alice in Hell").

Anthrax American melodic thrash metal band founded in the early 80s. Also experimented with rap elements.

Anvil North American band from the early 80s with heavy and fast heavy metal; thus partly a pioneer of speed metal (thrash metal).

Anyones Daughter constructed lengthy rock pieces in Germany from the end of the 70s to the 80s.

AOR, Adult Orientated Rock (Adult-oriented rock music) is, in contrast to the rather bitter, edgy, loud or anarchic rock of the youngsters, a variant of the hit in a drawing board-built rocker garb that is watered down by keyboards and with sweet, often polyphonic choruses, suitable for singing along. In short: slimy affair ... (“Final Countdown” from Europe, REO Speedwagon, Rick Springfield and many more).

Apache Indian Shooting star in the English bhangra ragga muffin scene: hard ragga sounds and Indian folklore (`95 with a second trend-setting album).

Aphex Twin The British electronics hobbyist Richard D. James is one of the leading techno personalities of the 90s with spherical sounds ("Ambient Works"), sound collages with dance beats ("I care because") and extremely bizarre video clips.

Aphrodite's Child Greek group founded in Paris around Vangelis Papathanassiou (k), and Demis Roussos (v, b, g, in really extremely high pitch with just as unbelievable vibrato), the heartbreaking ballads and an unusual concept album ("666", about the apocalypse of the Johannes).

Appleby, Kim One half of the sibling duo "Mel & Kim", which continued as a soloist after Melanie's early death. Moderate and danceable pop stuff like “Don´t Worry” (1990) remained her trademark, later disappeared hopelessly into oblivion.

April Wine Canadian hard rock from the 70s on the border to mainstream.

Arcadia see Duran Duran.

Arch Enemy see Spiritual Beggars.

Argent American hard rock / mainstream group of the 70s around the songwriters Rod Argent (k, v, from the "Zombies") and Russ Ballard.

Armatrading, Joan was able to maintain an amazing balance for a while from the mid-70s with throaty, intelligent singing and musically potent - Tracy Chapman and Suzanne Vega later followed suit. In 2007 still musically intelligent, now with blues.

Armstrong, Louis "Satchmo" The first fundamental soloist of jazz raised improvisation as a trumpeter and band leader of his "Hot Five" or "Hot Seven" (1925-28) to the style-forming element of this music; Master of scat singing. Later he was one of the first black Americans to rest on this fame in film and music as an entertainer ("Wonderful World" in its second form with strings, 1968).

Army of Lovers Swedish pop trio from the 90s with operetta-like choir singing and a shrill sex image.

Arrested Development American hip hop community in the early 90s with a religious message, acoustic instruments and gospel influences.

Ars Nova American, classically educated, artfully multi-layered rock sextet of the late 60s, which were never successful despite critical praise.

Art Ensemble of Chicago Since 1965 free jazz with Lester Bowie (died 2000).

Art of Noise, The English avant-garde pop from the 80s with weird synthesizers and sound samples. Cover version of the Prince song "Kiss" (with Tom Jones as guest singer).

Kind of rock (Art Rock) Based on the Beatles ("Sgt.Pepper", 1967) the simple stringing together of hits at the end of the 60s was replaced by complete, coherent albums (concept albums) or by endlessly long improvisations (Cream). In the beginning, a sound that sounded more or less the same or the use of only one rock-untypical instrument (e.g. violin) was considered to be highly "artful", but in the mid-70s many bands put one or even several LPs under one theme. Complex 30-minute compositions, around which other songs were grouped only as encores, became the rule, even commercially displacing the single. With increasingly sophisticated interleaving, the bands tried to send their listeners on ever longer musical journeys - pieces with musical jazz depth (Yes, Gentle Giant), historical borrowings (Emerson, Lake & Palmer), thorough uniformity (Pink Floyd) or opera-lavish ones Scope (Genesis, Jethro Tull) in Great Britain - and in America rather elaborate sound concepts like the Grateful Dead or Kansas. When this initially highly productive movement repeated itself irrelevantly at the end of the 70s, punk was the drastic response to such inflated complacency, especially in Europe. In any case, total works of art like in the 70s became extremely rare. One of today's developments is progressive metal.

Ash British guitar pop band, successful in the mid 90s ("The Girl from Mars").

Ash Ra (temple) German synthesizer and guitar craze in the 70s.

Asher D. & Daddy Freddy The title of the '87 LP “RaggamuffinHip Hop” says it all: the two top acts of the hardcore raggamuffin scene are also solo.

Ashford & Simpson The colorful American songwriter couple started out as a supplier for Ray Charles, Diana Ross and Stevie Wonder, before they achieved self-interpreted success in 1984 with the soulful disco song "Solid".

Ashton, Gardner & Dyke Founded by ex-Remo Four members in London in 1968, they combined hard blues rock with jazzy influences and the characteristic rusty voice of Ashton.

Asia Musicians around Geoff Downes (k) (initially also Carl Palmer (d) Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Steve Howe (g) Yes) found a bombastic platform here to inflate their studio skills to such an extent that they still earn well into the late 80s could ("The Heat of the Moment"); In the mid-90s, the band that was completely reshuffled is no longer so profitable.

Asphyx Dutch formation between death and doom metal (90s); extreme grunt singing.

Astley, Rick English dance mainstream of the 80s; produced by Stock / Aitken / Waterman.

Aswad Highly potent English reggae band around the singer and rhythm guitarist Brinsley Forde, which began in small clubs with earthy roots reggae spiced with British rock and socially critical lyrics in the mid-70s and gradually blossomed into a top act, which is smoother but not became artistically unattractive (see "Shine" from 1995).

Atkins, Chet Recognized country guitarist with occasional excursions into entertainment music (e.g. with Mark Knopfler).

Atlanta Rhythm SectionBlues and country rock from Atlanta until the 80s.

Atlantean Code Analog scrubbed Doom Metal from Lower Bavaria: Could take off internationally with cryptic lyrics and some mainstream-softened vocals on the award-winning “The Golden Bough” 2010.

Atlantis 1973 / `74 Rock with Inga Rumpf.

Atlas, Natasha lends her Arabic voice to the dance floor in London and was not very successful with her own LP in 1995.

Atomic Rooster From 69 (until 1984) uncomplicated hard rock band around Vincent Crane (with a heavy organ, died in 89), who lost their drummer to Emerson, Lake & Palmer and released the ex-Colosseum singer Chris Farlowe on solo paths; reared themselves one last time in 1980 (with guitarist and singer John Du Cann), but outstandingly.

Atrocity German Death Metal; 1995 together with Das Ich in the direction of Dark Wave.

Attila see Billy Joel.

Aubry, René French instrumental composer of pop and rock-inspired modernism; especially for ballet and film music.

Audio slaveRage aganist the Machine musician with Soundgarden singer Chris Cornell from the end of 2002. And that's exactly how it sounds.

Auger, Brian (k, v) wavered between jazz and pop, without doing justice to his immense advance laurels from the late 60s. He had bigger successes together with Julie Driscoll in the band "Trinity" (1966 -`70). In the 90s he is out with Eric Burdon.

Autograph American mainstream hard rockers of the 80s (“Turn up the Radio”).

Auvray, Lydie The Berlin-based French accordionist (and seldom also a singer, 1st album "Premiere" 1981) helped a lot to make the accordion popular again in Germany with her lively tango-affine and virtuoso style of playing; also for Peter Maffy or Hannes Wader.

Avalon, Frankie Cute American ditty in the late 50's.

avant-garde refers to pioneers who introduce unusual "innovations". In view of the entire history of music and its diversity (e.g. in world music alone), the term in rock and pop should not be valued too highly. A flute in heavy metal is by no means a special achievement, since picking up influences across styles is part of the business anyway.

Average White Band Soul sextet founded in 1973 by Scottish musicians with, especially at the beginning, an independent profile.

Ax American mainstream hard rock of the 80s.

Axton, Hoyt 1964 Country, increasingly rock and a little blues until the end of the 70s (“The Pusher” became a hit for Steppenwolf).

Axxis German commercial hard rockers from the 80s (longer break at the end of the 90s) with high-pitched dumpling singing.

Ayers, Kevin After leaving Soft Machine in 1969, the guitarist experimented in different styles.

Ayler, Albert Free jazz saxophonist who died early in 1970.

B 52 American group, founded in late 1970; between new wave and commercial pop; male chants and singing girls.

Babe Ruth From 1972 to 1977 a singer screamed against British hard rock at times.

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685 -1750) The baroque musician created, among other things, organ works, chamber music and orchestral works and the "Well-Tempered Clavier" (a fundamental work of occidental understanding of harmony), but only really became popular since the German High Romantic period (Mendelssohn-Bartholdy). In the time of the Viennese Classic, his son Carl Philipp Emanuel was far more famous.

Bachata Born in 1960 in the Dominican Republic as romantic guitar music and now a very popular dance music with 115 to 160 bpm in 4/4 time (Juan Luis Guerra, album "Bachata Rosa").

Bachman-Turner overdrive Canadian hard rock band from the beginning of the 70s to the beginning of the 90s around ex-Guess Who guitarist / singer Randy Bachman, who has since quit (“You ain't seen nothing yet”).

Backjard babies see TNWOSAR.

Backstreet Boys American boys who in the mid-90s continued the line of New Kids on the Block, Take That etc. musically, technically and with a teenage image and got off to a very successful start in Europe ("We`ve got it going on", "Get down" ).

Bad Boys Blue A well-behaved group produced in Germany for discotheque dance music of the 80s.

Bad Company 1974 founded quartet around the powerful singer Paul Rodgers (also g, k) from Free and Mick Ralphs (g) from Mott the Hoople. A prime example of expressive and imaginative hard rock until the late 70s. `86 -`95 with a new singer US mainstream; then more earthy again with Paul Rodgers imitation.

Bad English US mainstream of the 90s around the singer John Waite and the ex-Journey guitarist Neil Schon.

Bad religion Since the beginning of the 80s, the Americans have often combined fast punk rock with very melodic and catchy singing and have thus become one of the influencing factors of the newer American punk (Green Day, Offspring, NOFX etc.).

Bad finger English 70s band who sound a little like the early Beatles.

Badger Founded in 1971 by ex-Yes keyboardist Tony Kaye and ex-Asthon, Gardner & Dyke drummer Roy Dyke in London; Virtuously played, keyboard-heavy bombast rock from the 70s with weak song material.

Baez, Joan She became famous as a folk singer in 1959 and also became famous for her political protest in the early 1960s. She sings with a crystal clear soprano often only with guitar accompaniment and is (next to Bob Dylan, whose songs she made famous and with whom she had a problematic friendship) one of the most important folk personalities in America.

Bahamadia A rapper who surprised the middle of the 90s with a powerfully modernized "old school".

Baird, Don see Georgia Sattelites.

Baker, Anita American born in 1958 with a considerable vocal range in gospel, jazz and soul and great popularity with critics.

Baker, Arthur Influential dance DJ and music producer who worked for New Order and Diana Ross in the 80s. The more soulful and poppy "The Message Is Love" (sung by Al Green) became his biggest hit in 1989.

Baker, Chet Jazz trumpeter from the early 50s (cool) and later also a melancholy singer. Not up to the success and involved in drug problems until the 1970s, which the press extensively exploited (died 1988); see also image.

Baker, George (George Baker Selection) Hans Bouwens (= George Baker) from Holland with a Schmalz disco to sing along to in the 70s (“Paloma Blanca”).

Baker, Ginger Drummers from Alexis Korner, Graham Bond and finally, establishing his masterly reputation, from Cream, well versed in jazz and African rhythms. Later on with Blind Faith, "Airforce" (with Steve Winwood among others) and drumming in other projects that are still less and less noticed (e.g. with "BBM" - Baker, Bruce & Moore).

Baldry,Long JohnBlues-colored singer from England in changing styles (from 1958 with Alexis Korner, "Steampacket", Julie Driscoll, Brian Auger, Elton John, Rod Stewart and many others); Died in 2005.

Ballard, Hank Black singer; 1958 "The Twist".

Ballard, Russ American singer / songwriter and multi-instrumentalist in the 1970s to 1990s, ex-member of Argent Also engaged solo and as a songwriter for other artists (e.g. Rainbow) in the hard rock / mainstream area; own hits in the 80s were "Voices", "Fire still burns".

Ballistic BrothersTrip Hop from London, which has been characterized by minimalist style since '92 / '93.

Baltimore Canadian hard rock / mainstream group in the mid-80s with simple melodies and a female-sounding singer.

Bananarama From 1981 the British girl trio had numerous big hits, especially in Europe, with a richly arranged but always catchy dance floor sound (e.g. "Robert de Niro`s waiting", "Cruel Summer"). Siobhan Fahley founded Shakespeare's sister in the late 1980s.

Banco Differentiated-complex Italian rock band of the seventies.

tape (Group). With a thousand exceptions: Jazz band usually made up of a rhythm section (d, b, k or g), soloists (t, s, g etc.) and possibly a harmony orchestra (wind instruments); Rock band from a rhythm section (d, b, g, k), which, in addition to the vocals, often provides the soloists at the same time (g, k); Pop band made up of producers, modern technology and marketing.

Band, The Honest American country folk rock mix. First with Ronnie Hawkins and later with Bob Dylan. Genre-defining albums ("Music from Big Pink", "The Band"); Disbanded in 1974 after “Last Waltz” filmed by Martin Scorsese. From 1986 reunion, but without the guitarist and songwriter Robbie Robertson.

Bangles American girls' quartet with guitar pop that is slightly reminiscent of the 60s. First hit: "Manic Monday" 1985 (written by Prince), 1986 "Walk Like an Egyptian", 1988 "Eternal Flame". Disbanded in the 89s, singer Susanna Hoffs then solo, 2003 reunion.

Banton, Buju Representative of the ragga muffin in the 90s.

Banton, Pato Serious youngster from the British reggae scene of the 90s. Drew attention in a duet with UB 40 singer Ali Campbell.

BAP Founded in 1976 around the singer Wolfgang Niedecken. Sings strong in Kölsch, rock well known - but solid and successful. On the isolated Niedecken solo records, it is also Cologne and a little quieter.

Barber, Chris British Dixieland descendant since the 1960s.

Barclay James Harvest English pop and hymn rock trio from the beginning of the 70s, basic religious message in the lyrics (“Hymn”, “Live is for living”).

Barker, Sally is on the way in the 90s with a strong voice and music between folk and rock.

Barnes, Jimmy Singer of the Cold Chisel and solo from '83.

Baron Rojo Spanish hard rock band with initially Spanish and later English lyrics in the 80s.

Barrett, Syd Mastermind of the early experimental Pink Floyd. After drug problems in the 70s, little successful experimental and strange solo records.

Basie, Count Black pianist and leader of one of the longest-running, extremely swinging US jazz big bands (since 1935).

Bass Lowest male voice / lowest voice of a piece of music as a rhythmic or melodic support - expressed by electric bass guitar, double bass, bass trombone, synthesizer, bass pedal of the organ etc. Slap bass is a way of playing in which the mostly four-string bass guitar is struck so hard with the thumb that a percussive, popping sound is created (Larry Graham of Graham Central Station, Stanley Clarke).

Bates, The German punk band that became successful in the mid-90s with cover versions of well-known hits (e.g. "Hello" by Shakespears Sister or "Billie Jean" by Michael Jackson).

Bathory From the mid-80s they were considered a simple Venom copy (fast, brutal, punk with occult texts). With “Under the Sign of the Black Mark” the Swedish band, which for a long time consisted of only one member, Quorthon, was much more brutal and can be considered one of the great pioneers of Death and Black Metal alongside Possessed or Celtic Frost (with a rough croaking singer). In 1990, Celtic music and mystical texts were incorporated into a trio; In 1995 the band brought out two black metal records again, which, however, did not appeal to the criticism.

Batt, Mike (v, k) Between lavishly orchestrated musicals and pop from the end of the 70s.

Batten, Jennifer Virtuoso ("tapping") US guitarist from 1987 to '97 employed by Michael Jackson and ennobled in '98 by joining Jeff Beck's band.

Belly sound Viennese sextet between dub and hip hop - only vocal! No instruments! (2001 "Jamzero").

bauhaus The band, which was founded in England in 1977/78, expanded the structures of punk musically to include depressive singing and mystical-bizarre texts and are therefore co-founders of Gothic-Wave (Dark Wave) alongside Joy Division. After separating from singer Peter Murphy, the band continued under the name "Tones on Tail" and later "Love and Rockets" (in the late 80s in America with the pop hit "So Alive") under the leadership of guitarist Daniel Ash, who is now also (melodious and less depressed) sings. Reformed in 1998.

Bay City RollersTeen band of the 70s.

Beach Boys, The had success in the early 60s with carefree pop in terms of “summer, sun, surfing”. Their high, complex choral singing was no longer in demand with the Beatles and the emerging West Coast sound despite their sophisticated work ("Pet Sounds" was the last big success in 1966), so that after a long crisis (especially after the drug-related retirement of the musical head Brian Wilson) has had to modest with smaller comebacks until today.

Beastie Boys White American hip hop trio (originating in the punk scene) that made it big in the mid-80s with metal rap and a cheeky image. In the middle of the 90s, after 70s funk-oriented hip hop, suddenly crude punk and instrumental “easy listening” jazz came back.

Beat (Beat) The main rhythmic accent of a piece of music is followed rather strictly (as in the waltz or the blues), or intermediate beats are dragged out (in rock) or driven forward (style characteristic of jazz, especially in swing). The term was celebrated in the 60s as a British advancement (Beatles) of rock'n'roll. Since the 80s, the beat has often been the characteristic and only distinguishing feature in the dance floor with e.g. disco, break or techno beats; (bpm = beats per minute).

Beat Farmers American guitar rock; briefly successful with the unusually varied '87 album "The Persuit of Happiness"; still active.

Beat, The Excellent British band with strong Ska influences and numerous toasting interludes around the top-class musicians Ranking Roger and Saxa. Developed in the early 90s in a more commercial guise under the name General Public to a still high quality musician formation.

Beatlemania describes the incredible hysteria surrounding the Beatles and their immense influence on the youth and music industry (especially in America as the "British Invasion"). Frenzied guitar sales and screeching teenage girls (who could easily drown out any concert before they passed out) were the order of the day for years, as was the continued occupation of the top chart spots by the Beatles, who, according to John Lennon, "are now more popular than Jesus ”.

Beatles, TheJohn Lennon (v, g, k), Paul McCartney (v, b, g, k), George Harrison (g, v), Ringo Starr (d, v); 1960 -`70; from Liverpool. On a seemingly simple foundation of rock'n'roll, Mersey-Beat and English folklore, the Beatles knew how to combine such an abundance of traditional and experimental-new currents in music, industry and youth / social culture that to this day such an uninterrupted musical level combined with incredible social influence has never been achieved again. Be it their "long" hair (mushroom heads) or their immense impact on the American music industry (Beatlemania), their almost inexhaustible melodic abilities, musical expressions (often ingeniously novel produced by George Martin) or lyrical refinements: in this sum, rock music is without the Beatles unthinkable. The "new" song "Free as a Bird" 1996 was therefore not only considered by critics to be superfluous.

Beats InternationalDance floor project with a clear reggae influence from Brighton around mastermind Norman Cook. The innovative band increasingly worked with the Ragga warrior “Daddy Freddy” and only had one hit (“Dub be Good to me” 1990).

Beau Brummels American late 60s in the style of psychedelic West Coast bands.

Beautiful South English catchy and cheerful guitar pop of the 90s founded by ex-members of the Housemartins.

Bebop Extremely complex, fast, improvisational jazz variation around the giants Charlie Parker (s), Dizzy Gillespie (t), Thelonious Monk (p), Bud Powell (p), Charles Mingus (b), Oscar Pettiford (b), Kenny Clarke and Max Roach (d) since the early 40s. Hard bop How to play the bebop at the end of the 50s a little more straightforward; Influences from blues and gospel.

Bechet, Sidney (1897-1959) Important clarinetist and early improviser of jazz.

Beck With his adventurous mixture of grunge, hip hop, country, etc., the American musician is one of the most sought-after representatives of the alternative movement; "Loser" 1994.

Beck, Jeff In 1965 the eccentric Brit left the Yardbirds and recorded two of the very early English hard rock albums with vocalist Rod Stewart. After the "Jeff Beck Group" (with a soul touch) and an attempt with "Beck, Bogert & Appice" (Vanilla Fudge), he was successful with fusion albums (Jan Hammer) in the mid-70s and rightly as a great guitar virtuoso acted. After that he practiced in still technically masterful but not very successful projects (rock`n´roll) and constantly as a guest musician with colleagues (from Stanley Clarke to Tina Turner). Modern since the turn of the millennium, heavily refurbished, suddenly extremely recognized and a gifted talent promoter for, among others, Jenifer Batten or Tal Wilkenfeld.

Becker, Walter (b, v, g) see Steely Dan.

Bed and Breakfast First four, then three boys for all girls from the mid-90s with dance pop and Take That image.

Bedingfield, Natasha The British pop singer achieved her international breakthrough in 2004 with the crisp "These Words". The routine, sophisticated productions with a sentimental tinge differentiate the songwriter from many of her colleagues.

Bee Gees Australian trio founded in the 1960s as a rather good beat band; jump on the disco wave in the 70s (soundtrack "Saturday Night Fever"); in the 80s / 90s continued to be successful with good pop.

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827). Important symphonies (No. 5 “Destiny Symphony” or No. 9 with Schiller's “Ode to Joy” as a bombastic final chorus) and fundamental piano sonatas and string quartets of the Viennese classical period, which decisively expand occidental harmony theory (only one opera).

Before Four Canadian boy band, which mainly appeared between 2002 and 2003 and performed slightly R&B-mixed pop with the unmistakable charm of the early Backstreet Boys standard. Biggest and only hit: “Feel Free (To Say No)” 2003. Long dissolved.

Beggar's Opera Scottish keyboard heavy rock band; popular at festivals in the early 1970s.

Beiderbecke, Bix Very early soloist (cornet) of jazz; Died in 1931.

Belafonte, Harry From 1956 the New Yorker performed his Caribbean-tinged pop with flattering melodies (calypso music: sounds like heavily diluted reggae).

Belew,Adrian In-demand studio musician since the 70s (g for Laurie Anderson, Zappa, among others) and all-rounder between pop and total experiment on solo records.

Bell, Carey Contemporary accompanist from Chicago on the blues harmonica in the tradition of Walter Horton.

Bellamy Brothers American country duo of the 70s / 80s ("Let your Love flow").

Benatar, Pat With a roughened voice, the singer from America was successful in the mid-80s with radio-compatible mainstream pop / rock ("Love is a Battlefield").

Benson, George At first he was a very talented jazz guitarist who made a name for himself as a successful cuddly soul singer in the mid-70s. Obviously he couldn't hear that anymore, because from the end of the 80s he increasingly turned to fusion and today seems to have stood still with pure commerce.

Benton, Buster The blues guitarist and singer merges the old blues with the new, aggressive and hard city blues ("Spider in my Stew", "Blue Bird").

Beyoncé (Knowles) started in 1997 with the US girls band “Destiny's Child” (until 2005), which was not unsuccessful. With a powerful voice and perfect technique, she was able to succeed in her solo career in all popular styles from soul to hip hop from 2003 onwards. In 2013 at the latest, the Afro-American entertainer became America's most popular singing voice in the style of a Whitney Houston or Mariah Carey.

Berry, Chuck The black singer and guitarist influenced all (especially white) successors in rock'n'roll (Elvis Presley), pop and rock (Beatles, Rolling Stones) through his straightforward melodies and simple texts on problems of young people from 1955 at the latest. Record labels, racism or personal problems prevented full personal recognition. His hits "Maybelline", "Roll over Beethoven", "Rock and Roll Music", "Johnny B. Goode", "Little Sixteen" (= "Surfin 'USA" by the Beach Boys) and many more became classics.

Biafra, Jello Singer of the punk band Dead Kennedys. After its dissolution in 1987, numerous solo projects (e.g. "Lard" with Ministry) with many stars of the US undergound.

Bianco, Bonnie European pop singer of the 80s, successful with sentimental ballads.

Big Audio Dynamite The London band around ex-clash guitarist Mick Jones has delivered four superbly produced albums with hard rock, reggae borrowings and avant-garde elements since the end of the 80s, before they broke up in 1994.

Big balls Bon Scott AC / DC cover band from Germany from the mid-90s.

Big Band Actually a group with at least ten musicians. Significantly developed in jazz by Fletcher Henderson (Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman). Very rare in rock and pop.

Big Black With extremely distorted guitars, monotonous drum computer beats, dark text statements and distorted vocals, the American band founded in the mid-80s is an important factor influencing the later industrial scene of the 90s. Singer and mastermind Steve Albini became a sought-after producer for Helmet, the Pixies and Nirvana after the failure of his solo project "Rapeman".

Big Brother & the Holding Company American rock (`67 -`71) initially with Janis Joplin.

Big Country Scottish formation of the 80s with a dense carpet of guitars, stamping in a straight line, tolerably melodic and with a hint of folkloric.

Big Youth To this day a remarkable representative of toasting (with engraved gold teeth!), Which not only deals with the usual topics (women or motorcycles), but also addresses the needs and worries of the ghetto residents and was therefore popular with Bob Marley and still today with Jamaicans is.

Bilgeri Rocking Austrian bard since the 80s, hit: “Desperado” (by the Eagles).

Biohazard Most successful representative of the New York hardcore punk wave that was popular in the mid-90s; through brute heavy metal guitars and socially critical texts - partly performed in spoken language (rap).

Birth control German band with organ, thin based on the hard rock of the 70s (hit: "Gamma Ray").

Birthday party Australian underground band around Nick Cave in the early 80s.

Bishop, Elvin From 1969 the guitarist played cautious blues phrasing (e.g. with the Butterfield Blues Band) and is also at home in rock and country.

Bjork The former singer of the Icelandic Sugarcubes began her solo career in the 90s with a mixture of different dance floor elements and childlike singing; later it got more serious and conceptual.

Black British soft pop artist with a melancholy hit in the late 80s: “Wonderful Life”.

Black Crowes American hard rock band, since the beginning of the 90s with earthy vocals and varied material, very 70s-related (AC / DC), increasingly successful, 96 times on the road with Neil Young, meanwhile mutated into a jam band.

Black Eyed Peas, The The Californian group around “clan boss” Will.i.am and singer Fergie fearlessly conquers all genres from moderate hip hop (“Where Is The Love”, 2003) to contemporary R&B (“My Humps”, 2005) to poor electro pop trash ("The Time (Dirty Bit)", 2010).

Black Flag Next to the Dead Kennedys most important pioneers of American hardcore punk from the end of the 70s. Singer Henry Rollins continued solo after the group broke up.

Black, Frank Ex-singer of the Pixies from America; in the 90s partly suitable for the hit parade.

Blackfoot The partly Indian band has been combining American country and blues influences with brutal hard rock guitars to create catchy, hymn-like songs since 1971 and was one of the most successful representatives of the "Hard`n'Heavy" scene at the end of the 70s and beginning of the 80s (today Hard rock); "Highway Song".Most recently the ex-Uriah Heep keyboardist Ken Hensley played.

Black, Mary Irish folk singer (ex-De Dannan) who accompanied sparingly but competently in the mid-90s, after ten years of solo work, became a little more successful.

Black metal Occult or mystical death metal (switching between very fast and very slow) operates under the name coined by Venom. Strongly influenced by Bathory, in contrast to Death Metal there is no grunt, but croak; Faces with pale make-up are the visual identification mark. The Scandinavian faction (Dark Throne), which is strongly represented here, often integrates folklore and keyboards.

Blackmore, RitchieHard rock guitarist including Deep Purple, Rainbow. Since the end of the 90s he has also been on the road with peculiarly spherical, semi-acoustic solo projects.

Black Oak Arkansas American band (first LP 1969) that combined country influences with hard rock guitars and clichéd lyrics in the early 1970s and had greater success, especially in America. Stylistic changes and reshuffles led to the slump; Attempted comeback in the late 80s.

Black Sabbath The ultimate heavy metal band that was founded in Birmingham at the end of the 1960s. With strong (often double recorded) weepy-plaintive singer Ozzy Osbourne (from 1980 Dio, 1983 Ian Gillan) and heavy, characteristic and catchy guitar riffs (Tony Iommi), the only permanent member), melodic (and often enormously distorted) bass Support (from Terry "Geezer" Butler, from 1983 with breaks) and often overheard, amazing drum kit (Bill Ward, from 1980 with longer breaks). Absolutely definitive forerunners of all bands in the genre! From 1987 onwards with unsuitable singers (Toni Martin), virtuoso but meaninglessly lapsed into the heavy mainstream. Increasing recognition led in 1998 to a reunion almost in the style of old times (Ozzy an octave lower) - in 2013 with the new album "13" more successful than ever and on tour.

Black UhuruRoots reggae band par excellence. Has enjoyed astonishing popularity, especially among European audiences, since the 80s. With the "rhythm twins" Sly & Robbie, the sadly deceased singer Puma Jones, the changing lead vocalists Michael Rose, Don Carlos and the background singer Duckie Simpson, excellent craftsmanship roots and dub albums were created.

Blades, Ruben (v, k) has been consistently successful with socially critical lyrics skilfully tailored to the underprivileged America and modern ambitious salsa without fear of contemporary pop sound since the beginning of the 80s.

Blake, blind American ragtime guitarist of the 1920s with excellent fingerpicking technique; only comparable to Lonnie Johnson.

Blakey, Art (1919-1990). Vulcan jazz drummer and band leader especially of hard bop (bebop), who always enjoyed working with young musicians.

Bland, Bobby "Blue" comes from the school of gospel singers with a skillfully used large vocal volume. In the 60s with the rhythm & blues classics "I smell Trouble" and "Little Boy Blue".

Wind instruments are rather rare in rock and pop music. As a massive support, brass instruments were often used together with saxophones, especially in the funk and fusion-oriented 70s (trumpets, trombones). Solo woodwind instruments such as the saxophone (used for a “jazzy” sound) or the flute (Jethro Tull) are pure exotics.

Sheet metal stimulus German ska band since the late 80s.

Blind FaithSupergroup with Eric Clapton and Ginger Baker from Cream, Steve Winwood from Traffic and Rick Grech (b, from left) from Family. Interleaved rock on a 1969 LP.

Blind Guardian German heavy metal of the 80s / 90s, comparable to Helloween.

Blind illusion San Francisco band around singer / songwriter Marc Biedermann with a melodic Thrash Metal record (1988). Larry LaLonde (Ex-Possessed) and Les Claypol later with Primus.

Bliss With a thin voice (Rachel Morrison), the English band, which was founded in 1986, is back in 2007 with a very clean production, but unsurprisingly instrumentalized back in 2007.

Block, RoryFolk / blues guitarist and singer who has been interpreting her own songs since 1976.

Blodwyn Pig 1969/70 hard rock around Mick Abrahams; plays again in 1998.

Blonde on blonde English disco duo of former models; Unsuccessful in the 70s (except in Japan), as better-looking than singing.

Blondel see Amazing Blondel.

Blondie American pop group around the singer Deborah Harry with a sharp voice. 1974 emerged from the New York New Wave scene ("Call me") and later in the disco area ("Sunday Girl"). In 1999 supposedly really seriously on the road again.

BlonkerNew age guitar playing since the 80s.

Blood Sweat & Tears From 1968 the virtuoso Americans managed to give their punchy rock echoes of blues, soul and jazz until they became smoother and more uninspired in the mid-70s.

Bloomfield, Mike The celebrated American blues-rock guitarist left the Butterfield blues band in 1967 in order to show his skills less and less (e.g. with Electric Flag) until he died in '81 the Hero-death.

Blow, kurtis The black former DJ switched to rapping in 1979 and had the first big hits of the genre (“Old School”) with “Christmas Rap” and “The Break” (1980). In the mid-80s he became increasingly socially critical ("New School"), but was more in demand as a producer (Run DMC).

Blue British boy band that focused on pop ballads with R&B influences on titles such as “U Make Me Wanna” (2003), “Breathe Easy” and “Curtain Falls” (both 2004). After her dissolution in 2005, she returned to the music business with surprising success four years later.

Blue Airplanes British guitar pop in interesting and neat arrangements with briefly increased popularity at the end of the 80s.

Blue Cheer The American blues-rock trio was founded at the end of the 1960s and, with their loud and violent playing style, became the pioneers of hard rock.

Blue flames see Georgie Fame.

Blue Lagoon The Swabian dance project landed a seasonal late summer hit (2004) with the reggae pop classic by Matthew Wilder "Break My Stride". The multitude of other tiring, unimaginative cover attempts went unnoticed.

Blue Nature The “Titanic” boom made it possible for even a terrible trance encasement of “My Heart Will Go On” (Celine Dion) to make it into the German top 10 in 1999. The DJ Eric Rijkaard alias Ovidiu Sorin Stan is behind the One Hit Wonder project.

Blue notes Theoretically complicated tones to explain (minor third over major third often in the dominant seventh chord), which as "imprecise notes" in rock, but especially in blues and jazz, determine the peculiar mood of the music.

Blue notes Group around Teddy Pendergrass.

Blue Oyster Cult New York heavy metal formation from the early 70s. Initially very Black Sabbath orientated; in the 80s tending towards the mainstream (“Don't fear the Reaper”).

Blue system see Dieter Bohlen.

Bluegrass Very traditional variety of Country.

blues Secular music by American blacks from the middle of the last century. Sad mood, 12-bar basic scheme, rather sluggishly intonated, also characteristic with blue notes. The harmonics and rhythm of the blues shine through in many works of rock and jazz (hard rock). In pop, punk, late heavy metal and new wave, the blues hardly plays a role or plays no role at all.

Blues Brothers The actors Dan Akroyd and John Belushi put together a rhythm & blues and soul band in 1977, always appeared in a suit, hat and sunglasses, sang exclusively foreign compositions in a powerful manner and disbanded the band in 1980 (in that year you also formed famous movie); Belushi died in 1982.

Blues image 1966 to '70 from America heavy and varied groovy rock.

Blues Magoos From New York in the mid 1960s to early 1970s; started with psychedelic and blues, later also some folk and jazz.

Blues Project Band formed in New York in 1964 around the later Blood, Sweat & Tears musicians Al Kooper and Steve Katz with rock and some jazz and blues.

Blues rock Especially in his pounding and narrative, increasing style of playing (mostly the solo guitar), which is strongly based on the blues, electrically amplified music, mainly white musicians (Ten Years After, Roy Buchanan).

Blues band, The Insignificant British imitation of the various American blues styles from the mid 70's.

Blues gangsters Landshut blues formation with authentic material since 1983 and lively performance in the 90s all the way to Chicago.

Floret The consistent desecration of NDW classics ("Herz an Herz", "Nur Traum") in completely soulless and sometimes creepy rave and happy hardcore techno products by the then 15-year-old Jasmin Wagner from Hamburg ensured an increased "heart rate" (first Album title 1996) with numerous "BRAVO" readers. Later mainly theater appearances far away from the 90s chart trend.

Blunt, James With a characteristically pressed high voice (also head voice) and dreamlike melodies, the Brit started in 2004 on "Back to Bedlam" (hit 2005 "You`re Beautiful"). Less and less inspired and more and more overproduced, the sales figures are falling steadily, but still at a high level.

Blur At the end of the 80s still weird underground, the English guitar pop band around the singer and songwriter Damon Albarn became more catchy, happy and varied and very successful from the middle of the 90s (LP “13”, 1999).

Boa, Phillip German singer / songwriter, has been making use of the music kit since the 80s - there is something for everyone in a weird mix of styles: hard guitars or disco hissing. In addition to his main project “Voodooclub”, he started “The Voodoocult” in line with the trend, which employs numerous well-known guest musicians between Thrash Metal and Industrial (e.g. ex-Slayer drummer Dave Lombardo or ex-Faith No More guitarist Jim Martin).

Bob and Marcia In the 1960s and early 1970s, a Jamaican vocal duo that even landed hits such as “To be Young, Gifted and Black” in the UK charts. Marcia later continued her career with Bob Marley's background vocal formation "I Three".

Bobby and the Midnites Rock band around Grateful Deads Bob Weir in the 80s.

Body countHeavy metal / rap with Ice-T until the end of the 90s.

Boel, Hanne The Danish singer delivered solid pop rock in the 90s without undue success, although she now sounds completely like Tina Turner.

Böhse Onkelz From the beginning of the 80s to 2005, the German-speaking band made music between punk and hard rock (sometimes reminiscent of AC / DC). At first with a clearly right political message, which repeatedly brought them trouble at concerts and record companies - later refined and attracted a steadily growing fan base with socially critical texts. Then some solo albums, Kevin Russell (v) continues solo in 2012.

Bohlen, Dieter The man with the faint voice, to whom you even have to write your stupid sayings for “Deutschland sucht den Superstar” etc., started in 1970 as a “composer”, producer and singer. He became really famous for the first time with Modern Talking from 1984 and from 1987 in the similar in-house project "Blue System". At the same time he produced (under constantly changing pseudonyms) pop stars and - fuzzis like Peter Alexander, Roy Black, Nino de Angelo, Andrea Berg, Chris Norman, the Wildecker Herzbuben etc. pp. - unfortunately until today very senseless and successful.

Boine, Mari (Boine Persen) Expressive interpreter of unadulterated Norwegian folklore, whose singing (between floating and pronounced head voice) became internationally known from 1990 onwards.

Bolan, Marc see T.Rex.

Bolin, Tommy In 1975 he replaced Ritchie Blackmore on guitar at Deep Purple. Died shortly after the "final" breakup of the band of a drug overdose in 1976. Hard rock in the groups "Energy", "Zephyr" and James Gangfunkiger, quieter on solo records.

Bollock Brothers Formed in the 70s from London, the synthesizer pop, punk and rock mixed in loose succession ("Faith Healer", "Harley David Son of a Bitch").

Bolton, Michael Schmacht-Bard, elaborately produced by Walter Afanasieff, who sings as if he were sitting on a hot stove and who ran out of breath in the mid-90s.

Boltthrower First heavy, moderate Death Metal from England in the mid 90s (with war and hero grunt vocals).

Bomb the bass Loose British formation since the second half of the 80s, which enriched hip hop with samples and thus created house-style dance floors typical of the time.

Bon Jovi Founded in New Jersey in 1982 by singer / composer John Bongiovi; style-defining and most successful mainstream / hard rock band of the 80s. Lush keyboard use, bombastic productions and choir arrangements paired with catchy melodies and the powerful voice of Bongiovis. In the 90s it was a bit more guitar-heavy and until the 2000s it was more and more focused on the increasingly pathetic style of singing and was successful.

Bond, Graham (Organization) Bond paved the way for influential musicians such as Jack Bruce, Jon Hiseman (d) and John McLaughlin, in fusion areas, but was neither successful nor particularly respected (on sax and organ) until his suicide in 1974.

Boney M Typical disco project by the German producer Frank Farian, which was very successful in the 70s, with lush arrangements and catchy songs (“Daddy Cool”, “Rivers of Babylon”).

Bonfire Ingolstadt mainstream hard rock comparable to the Scorpions (80s).

Bonnet, Graham The singer with a powerful, rough voice had the soul success “Only One Woman” in 1968 with “The Marbles”, appeared briefly at Rainbow in 1979 and then founded the short-lived hard rock project “Alcatrazz” with the then unknown guitar twister Yngwie Malmsteen.

Bonzo Dog Dooh Dah Band British rock cabaret 1967-72, at least as a quintet citing numerous musical styles (“I'm the Urban Spaceman”).

Boogie Woogie Very rhythmic piano playing style that emerged from the blues at the same time as ragtime.

Booker T & the MGs Multiracial soul group 1962 -`71; very popular as a characteristic, straight backing band (e.g. for Otis Redding).

Boomtown Rats see Bob Geldorf.

Boone, Pat Groovy American rock'n'rollers; from 1957 with hits like “Speedy Gonzales” or the ballad “Moon River”. At the end of the 90s, a much-noticed big band project with original heavy metal artists.

Boothe, Ken Outstanding rock steady and cuddly reggae singer since the early 60s, similar to John Holt's style. In 1974 he had a No. 1 position in the UK charts with “Everything I Own”, which Boy George repeated 13 years later with his cover version.

Bootleg Robbery. While simple reprints of successful LPs damage the artist and the record company, rare concert recordings are often only of interest to collectors and are only aimed at collectors (in terms of packaging, distribution and often poor quality). In the digital age, the images and packaging are often of such high quality that one can certainly speak of theft again.

Bop Simplified by bebop or hard bop.

Bossa Nova A style developed in Brazil in the 50s with the inclusion of jazz harmony, which primarily re-fertilized jazz through Stan Getz.

Boston Mainstream hard rock band from Boston founded in 1974 (lavishly produced and initially very successful commercially (“More than a Feeling”)) around the multi-instrumentalist Tom Scholz.

Bots Soft pop rock from Holland with German, peace-moving lyrics, "Aufstehn" 1980 and two other, less and less noticed LPs.

Bottleneck see slide guitar.

Bovell, Dennis Musical mastermind in Linton Kwesi Johnson's reggae band. The heavyweight man on the bass (stage name "Blackbeard") also achieved mature LPs under his own name, which unfortunately only find attention in insider circles.

Bow wow Japanese heavy metal of the 80s, rather restrained and with keyboards.

Bow wow wow Another project by Malcom McLaren with music between danceable Afro-Rhythm and New Wave-Pop; characterized by catchy melodies and the childlike charm of the singer ("I want Candy"); Disbanded in 1982.

Bowie, David from 1967 represented the respective musical styles of his time. He started in England with simple rock ("Space Oddity" 69), produced himself in the 70s with a very bizarre image and eccentric shows ("Glitter-Rock" with his group "The Spiders from Mars" around Mick Ronson). After an interlude in Berlin (with Brian Eno, "Heroes" `77), he was able to achieve great success again in the early 80s in the New Wave, which was clearly influenced by himself, with a cold appearance and edgy modernized music (" Let's Dance "` 83).At the beginning of the 90s he sang with the heavy hard rock group "Tin Machine" and in the middle of the 90s tried his hand at between pale bar music and industrial, at the end of the 90s at jungle, from the turn of the millennium finally more gentle and melodious again. 2013 after a break of almost ten years with a new album. Besides, the charismatic Bowie isn't a bad actor.

Bowie, Lester (t). "Avant-Pop" is intended to describe how avant-garde and pop can easily be combined in jazz in various wind groups (e.g. "Brass Fantasy") from the 1970s onwards. He was († 1999) also engaged in free jazz with the "Art Ensemble of Chicago".

Box of Frogs New edition of the Yardbirds in the mid-80s.

Box tops, The American pop band that was able to join the ranks of Grammy nominees with the blue-eyed soul hit "The Letter" in 1967. Unfortunately, despite later glam rock advances, the group was never able to emancipate itself from that over-hit. Lead singer Alex Chilton (not very successful solo, but often covered) died in 2010.

Boy george The Englishman was moderately creative with a soft voice (after the dissolution of Culture Club in 1986) through several pop albums (among others under the band name "Jesus Loves You") and changed his shrill image continuously; 1995 almost unrecognizable on a heavy rock foundation.

Boyz, The German boy group, which presented itself musically as an alternative to ´N Sync and the Backstreet Boys. The melancholy “One Minute” remained the only top 10 success - band member Adel Tawil (“Lieder”), however, had others follow later.

Boyzone 10 million records from 1993 to 2000 - the Irish band was particularly successful in Great Britain and Ireland with simple, hymn-like pop, to which at least the five alternating singers can be credited (“No Matter What”, 1998); Ronan Keating.

Bragg, Billy English guitar bard influenced by punk, who from 1983 forced his socially critical texts and harsh representations of emotions onto records.

Brainbox see Focus.

Brainticket Dutch organ and collage psychedelics in the second half of the 70s.

Branch, Billy Young, very modern blues harmonica player from Chicago in the style of Little Walters and Junior Wells.

Brand New HeaviesMedium-tempo funk, a female singer and sometimes strings or brass lines reminiscent of jazz make the band from London a typical danceable acid jazz representative since the beginning of the 90s.

Brand X In 1976, mainly through Phil Collins, a band of instrumental experts without any particular inspiration and today without Collins again.

Branduardi, Angelo Italian poet and multi-instrumentalist (v, vln, f, g), who can be heard in catchy ballads or bombastic productions since the 70s between Italian folklore and playful rock.

Branigan, Laura American dance pop from the 80s with a slightly rough voice (“Gloria”, “Self Control”).

Braxton, Toni In the mid-90s, the soul singer rose to become a shooting star in R&B